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A Columbia Records dispensa a lenda do country Johnny Cash após 26 anos

A Columbia Records dispensa a lenda do country Johnny Cash após 26 anos


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O filme biográfico de 2002 aclamado pela crítica Ande na linha retrata a vida e a carreira de Johnny Cash desde sua ascensão inicial ao estrelato na década de 1950 até seu ressurgimento após um declínio alimentado pelas drogas na década de 1960. A seleção desse período de tempo fez todo o sentido do ponto de vista de Hollywood, mas do ponto de vista histórico, deixou de fora mais da metade da história. Ainda havia outro ressurgimento dramático na segunda metade da carreira de 50 anos de Johnny Cash, que atingiu outro ponto baixo em 15 de julho de 1986, quando a Columbia Records o retirou de sua lista após 26 anos de parceria para fazer história.

A Columbia assinou pela primeira vez com Johnny Cash em 1960, usando um contrato lucrativo para atraí-lo para longe de sua Sun Records, sua primeira gravadora e também a casa inicial de Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis e Carl Perkins. O primeiro single de Cash de Cash, "All Over Again", chegou ao Top 5 do país, e seu segundo, "Don't Take Your Guns To Town" chegou ao primeiro lugar, ao mesmo tempo que cruzou para o pop Top 40. Mas os maiores sucessos da carreira de Cash ainda estavam por vir, incluindo incríveis oito álbuns # 1 em um período de oito anos: Ring of Fire: The Best of Johnny Cash (1963); Eu ando na linha (1964); Os maiores sucessos de Johnny Cash (1967); Na prisão de Folsom (1968); Em San Quentin (1969); Olá, sou Johnny Cash (1970); The Johnny Cash Show (1970); e Homem de preto (1971). Durante este período, Johnny Cash se estabeleceu como uma figura titânica na cultura popular americana enquanto vendia milhões e milhões de discos para a Columbia, mas em meados da década de 1980, a moda na música country mudou drasticamente de seu estilo antigo, e o os golpes simplesmente pararam de chegar.

Em 1986, tendo também retirado recentemente a lenda do jazz Miles Davis de sua lista de artistas, a Columbia decidiu encerrar seu relacionamento não mais lucrativo com Johnny Cash. Cash não permaneceu profissionalmente à deriva por muito tempo, no entanto, lançando quatro álbuns originais e várias regravações de material anterior ao longo dos próximos sete anos na Mercury Records. Mas foi só em 1994 que Cash realmente encontrou seu rumo criativo novamente. Esse foi o ano em que ele lançou o álbum Gravações americanas, o primeiro de uma série de álbuns da gravadora de mesmo nome chefiada por Rick Rubin, o produtor original dos Beastie Boys e co-fundador, com Russell Simmons, da Def Jam Records.

Sob a influência de Rubin, Cash mudou para um som cru e despojado que provou ser um enorme sucesso com os críticos, com os tradicionalistas country e com os recém-chegados modernos à música country. Quando seu segundo álbum produzido por Rubin, Desencadeado, ganhou um Grammy de Melhor Álbum Country em 1998, a American Recordings colocou um anúncio de página inteira em Painel publicitário revista com uma foto de 1970 de Cash brandindo seu dedo médio sob a linha sarcástica de cópia, "American Recordings e Johnny Cash gostariam de agradecer ao estabelecimento musical de Nashville e às rádios country por seu apoio."

Johnny Cash teve mais dois álbuns solo de enorme sucesso com a American Recordings antes de sua morte em 2003. Rick Rubin tornou-se co-chefe da Columbia Records em 2007, posição que deixou em 2012.


Johnny Cash

John R. Cash (nascido J. R. Cash 26 de fevereiro de 1932 - 12 de setembro de 2003) foi um cantor, compositor, músico e ator americano. [4] Muitas das músicas de Cash continham temas de tristeza, tribulação moral e redenção, especialmente nos estágios posteriores de sua carreira. [5] [6] Ele era conhecido por sua voz profunda e calma de baixo-barítono, [a] [7] o som distinto de sua banda de apoio Tennessee Three caracterizada por ritmos de guitarra chugging semelhantes aos de um trem, uma rebeldia [8] [9 ] juntamente com um comportamento cada vez mais sombrio e humilde, [5] shows gratuitos na prisão, [10] e um guarda-roupa de palco todo preto que lhe rendeu o apelido "O homem de preto". [b]

Nascido em uma família de produtores de algodão pobres em Kingsland, Arkansas, Cash ganhou fama na cena rockabilly florescente em Memphis, Tennessee, após quatro anos na Força Aérea. Ele tradicionalmente começava seus shows simplesmente apresentando-se, "Hello, I'm Johnny Cash", [c] seguido por "Folsom Prison Blues", uma de suas canções características. Ao lado de "Folsom Prison Blues", suas outras canções de assinatura incluem "I Walk the Line", "Ring of Fire", "Get Rhythm" e "Man in Black". Ele também gravou números engraçados como "One Piece at a Time" e "A Boy Named Sue", um dueto com sua futura esposa June chamado "Jackson" (seguido por muitos outros duetos após o casamento) e canções de ferrovia como "Hey , Porter "," Orange Blossom Special "e" Rock Island Line ". [13] Durante o último estágio de sua carreira, ele fez covers de artistas de rock contemporâneo da época, seus covers mais notáveis ​​foram "Hurt" do Nine Inch Nails, "Rusty Cage" do Soundgarden e "Personal Jesus" do Depeche Mode.

Cash é um dos artistas musicais mais vendidos de todos os tempos, tendo vendido mais de 90 milhões de discos em todo o mundo. [14] [15] Sua música de gênero abrangia country, rock and roll, rockabilly, blues, folk e sons gospel. Este apelo cruzado lhe rendeu a rara honra de ser introduzido no Country Music, Rock and Roll e Gospel Music Halls of Fame.


Johnny Cash

Carrie Rivers Cash. Quando John tinha 3 anos, seu pai aproveitou um novo programa de fazenda Roosevelt e mudou-se com sua jovem família para Dyess Colony, no nordeste do Arkansas. Lá, a família Cash cultivava 20 acres de algodão e outras safras sazonais, e o jovem John trabalhava ao lado de seus pais e irmãos nos campos.

A música era parte integrante da vida cotidiana na família Cash. John absorveu uma variedade de influências musicais, desde as canções e hinos folclóricos de sua mãe até as canções de trabalho dos campos e pátios ferroviários próximos. Ele absorveu esses sons como a esponja absorve água. Nos anos posteriores, Cash buscaria inspiração em sua vida no Arkansas: "Pickin 'Time", "Five Feet High and Rising" e "Look at Them Beans" são reflexos da infância de Cash.

Cash permaneceu na Dyess Colony até se formar no colégio em 1950. Quando jovem, ele partiu para Detroit em busca de trabalho. Ele acabou em Pontiac, Michigan, e começou a trabalhar em uma fábrica automotiva. Seu mandato no North Country foi de curta duração e Cash logo se alistou na Força Aérea dos EUA. Após o treinamento básico no Texas (onde conheceu a primeira esposa Vivian Liberto), ele foi enviado para Landsberg, na Alemanha. Enquanto estava no serviço, Cash organizou sua primeira banda, os Landsberg Barbarians. polegar | 300px | certo | Johnny Cash - Ferido

Após sua dispensa em 1954, Cash voltou para os Estados Unidos e se casou com Liberto. Ele e sua noiva logo se estabeleceram em Memphis, onde Cash trabalhou em uma variedade de empregos - incluindo o de vendedor de eletrodomésticos - enquanto tentava entrar no mundo da música.

Em 1954, Cash fez o teste como artista solo para a Sun Records de Sam Phillips. Ele tinha esperanças de gravar música gospel para a gravadora, mas Phillips imediatamente rejeitou essa ideia. Na primavera seguinte, porém, Cash estava no Sun Studios para gravar com sua banda The Tennessee Three. O grupo original era formado pelo guitarrista Luther Perkins, o baixista Marshall Grant e Red Kernodle no pedal steel. Kernodle desistiu da sessão e o primeiro lançamento de Cash pela gravadora, "Hey Porter", teve um acompanhamento instrumental esparso, mas altamente eficaz. Apesar de ser um single impressionante, a música falhou nas paradas.

O lançamento subsequente de Cash para a Sun, no entanto, se saiu substancialmente melhor. "Cry, Cry, Cry" conseguiu quebrar Painel publicitários Top 20, alcançando a posição 14. Seguiu-se uma longa sucessão de singles nas paradas. "So Doggone Lonesome" e "Folsom Prison Blues" entraram no Top 10 da publicação especializada. Mas o quarto single das paradas de Cash provou ser sua música de carreira. "I Walk the Line" disparou paraPainel publicitários No. 1 posição e permaneceu nas paradas por incríveis 43 semanas, vendendo mais de 2 milhões de cópias.

Em 1956, ele realizou um sonho de longa data quando foi convidado para se apresentar no Grand Ole Opry. Em 1957, Cash tinha acumulado uma sequência impressionante de sucessos e estava trabalhando em mais de 200 datas por ano. No ano seguinte, ele mudou para a Columbia Records em busca de mais liberdade artística. Ele ainda tinha aspirações de fazer discos gospel e sentia que tinha uma chance melhor de atingir esse objetivo em outra gravadora.

Ao longo do restante da década de 1950 e na década de 1960, Cash continuou a produzir registros notáveis ​​e mapeados de forma consistente. "Don't Take Your Guns to Town", "I Got Stripes", "Ring of Fire", "Understand Your Man" e "The Ballad of Ira Hayes" atingiram todos os recordes das paradas. Aparições em The Ed Sullivan Show, The Tonight Show e outros programas de rede bem avaliados se seguiram. No início dos anos 1960, álbuns conceituais como Lágrimas Amargas e Baladas do verdadeiro oeste fez dele um favorito entre a multidão de música folk, culminando com uma aparição no Newport Folk Festival.

Mas nem tudo estava bem. O dinheiro estava saindo do controle. Seu casamento estava desmoronando e o divórcio parecia inevitável. Além disso, sua cansativa agenda de turnês (que agora chegava a 300 shows por ano) tinha cobrado seu preço. O dinheiro tornou-se dependente de narcóticos para manter o ritmo frenético. Em meados da década de 1960, Cash estava um desastre e isso começou a impactar sua carreira.

Em 1967, porém, Cash conseguiu superar seu vício com a ajuda de sua parceira de canto June Carter e sua família. Em 1968, ele e Carter se casaram e sua carreira experimentou um renascimento. Ao longo do restante da década e na década de 1970, Cash estava no topo de seu jogo. Duas gravações ao vivo feitas na Prisão de Folsom e em San Quentin foram ouro e uma série de prêmios se seguiram, incluindo os prêmios de Artista do Ano da Country Music Association e Vocalista Masculino em 1969.

A recompensa final, porém, foi um anúncio de rede de televisão. Estreando em 1969, The Johnny Cash Show foi ao ar na ABC. Gravado no Ryman Auditorium de Nashville, o show apresentou uma mistura eclética de convidados que vão de Bob Dylan e Neil Young a Louis Armstrong e Merle Haggard. Por meio de sua seleção de convidados, Cash ajudou a preencher a lacuna de gerações e quebrar as barreiras musicais. Ele também usou o show como um fórum para discutir e aumentar a consciência coletiva do país sobre as questões sociais da época, como a situação dos nativos americanos, a reforma das prisões e o conflito no Vietnã. O show cessou a produção em 1971, mas Cash continuou a apresentar vários especiais por vários anos.

Em 1980, aos 48 anos, Johnny Cash tornou-se o mais jovem a entrar no Hall da Fama da Música Country. O Rock and Roll Hall of Fame concedeu sua honra a ele em 1995, tornando-o um entre um punhado de artistas country em ambas as organizações.

Em 1985, Cash juntou-se aos amigos Willie Nelson, Waylon Jennings e Kris Kristofferson para formar The Highwaymen. O supergrupo lançou três álbuns entre 1985 e 1995, alcançando o primeiro lugar com o single "Highwayman" de seu primeiro álbum, Os assaltantes. Embora tenha enfrentado sérios problemas de saúde no final dos anos 1990, Cash entrou em um renascimento profissional após assinar com a gravadora americana do produtor de rap Rick Rubin. Gravações americanas, lançado em 1994, ganhou um Grammy de melhor álbum folk contemporâneo. O acompanhamento, 1996 Desencadeado, ganhou o Grammy de melhor álbum country em 1997. Seu lançamento em 2000 Americano III: Homem Solitário, incluiu um cover de "Solitary Man" de Neil Diamond, que ganhou Cash a Grammy de melhor performance vocal masculina country em 2001.

Em 2002, Cash lançou Americano IV: o homem se aproxima que incluiu o single "Hurt" do Nine Inch Nails. Cash ganhou três prêmios CMA em 2003, e o aclamado vídeo de "Hurt" ganhou um prêmio da MTV e um Grammy.

Depois de perder sua esposa June Carter Cash inesperadamente em maio de 2003, Johnny Cash faleceu em 12 de setembro de 2003, no Baptist Hospital em Nashville, Tennessee, de complicações de diabetes.

Em 2005, uma versão cinematográfica de seu romance precoce com Carter, intitulada Ande na linha, foi indicado ao Oscar de melhor filme. Uma compilação de disco único intitulada A lenda de Johnny Cash também foi lançado em 2005 e vendeu mais de 2 milhões de cópias. No ano seguinte, Lost Highway lançou a última parcela de suas gravações americanas, American V: Cem Rodovias, apresentando suas últimas sessões com Rubin. & # 160

Em dezembro de 2013, um álbum perdido de Johnny Cash chamado & # 160Entre as estrelas, contendo 12 faixas gravadas entre 1981-1984 por Johnny Cash e Billy Sherrill, foi descoberto por seu único filho, June Carter, John Carter Cash. Foi arquivado por sua produtora & # 160Columbia, mas após sua descoberta quase 30 anos depois, foi lançado em 25 de março de 2014 como um álbum póstumo por Gravações Legadas.


Johnny Cash Releases novo e # 038 reemitido para não ser negligenciado

Para todos vocês fãs de Johnny Cash lá fora, tem havido um bando de lançamentos e atividades de anúncios ultimamente, vocês devem estar cientes de & # 8212 algumas das coisas mais novas, outras antigas e todas dignas de estar no seu radar.

Embora muitos fãs de Johnny Cash ou de música country já tenham conseguido uma cópia dos icônicos álbuns da prisão de Johnny Cash Na prisão de Folsom (1968) e Em San Quentin (1969) de uma loja de thrift, ou loja de discos, ou da coleção de discos de seus pais & # 8217s, ambos serão finalmente relançados como novos em vinil em 7 de agosto. É meio louco pensar que algum dia eles ficaram esgotados em vinil, mas tem sido assim há anos.

Johnny Cash também será relançado em vinil em 7 de agosto Greatest Hits Vol. 1, e Coleção Johnny Cash, His Greatest Hits Vol. 2, capturando as maiores canções de Cash & # 8217 durante sua era Columbia Records. Então, se você estava esperando pela oportunidade de escolher as músicas e performances mais icônicas de The Man in Black em vinil, esta será sua oportunidade.

Uma das eras mais negligenciadas e esquecidas da música de Johnny Cash foi depois que Columbia o largou, mas antes que ele começasse a trabalhar com Rick Rubin e seu selo American Recordings. Esta foi a época em que Cash assinou contrato com a Mercury Records de 1986 a 1991.

Agora Johnny Cash & # 8217s Mercury anos foram lançados na forma de box set. O conjunto de 7 CDs ou 7 LPs apresenta seis álbuns de estúdio, incluindo os de 1986 Turma de 55 gravado com Roy Orbison, Jerry Lee Lewis e Carl Perkins, e Água dos Poços de Casa que inclui colaborações com artistas como Paul McCartney, Emmylou Harris e os Everly Brothers. O box set foi lançado em 26 de junho, após a programação original ser lançada em 24 de abril. Muito pouca fanfarra acompanhou o lançamento.

Outros álbuns incluídos na caixa são Johnny Cash está vindo para a cidade (1987), Boom Chicka Boom (1990), e O mistério da vida (1991). A versão em CD do box também inclui Dinheiro Clássico: Série Hall of Fame (mixagens iniciais). Essas primeiras mixagens do álbum de 1988 foram masterizadas a partir de fitas recém-descobertas nos cofres da Universal. Os álbuns foram todos remasterizados a partir das fitas master originais do Mercury por Kevin Reeves no UMG Studios em Nashville. Novas notas de encarte foram escritas pelo historiador Scott Schinder.

Junto com a cobertura de Johnny Cash & # 8217s Mercury anos no total, o box set também inclui sete faixas bônus abrangendo B-sides, versões alternativas e o outtake inédito "I Draw The Line". Não foi feito o suficiente dessas gravações raras e inéditas que finalmente viram a luz do dia.

E se você não quiser saltar para um conjunto de caixa inteiro, Easy Rider: o melhor das gravações do Mercúrio, uma nova coleção de 24 destaques da discografia de Cash's Mercury, também foi lançada em CD, 2LP e download digital. Cada álbum individual de Johnny Cash de seus anos de Mercury também foi disponibilizado em vinil de 180 gramas.

E por último, mas não menos importante, a Third Man Records anunciou que está lançando uma performance ao vivo de 17 canções com Johnny Cash no Ahmanson Theatre em Los Angeles em 5 de maio de 1973 chamada Uma noite para recordar. Parte da série de concertos & # 8220Week to Remember & # 8221 com curadoria de Clive Davis, onde vários artistas contratados pela Columbia subiram ao palco para apresentações, será lançado em vinil & # 8220vintage white & # 8221 pela Third Man em 31 de julho.

Como parte do pacote, há também um DVD com filmagens dos bastidores do evento que supostamente capturam Johnny Cash em uma forma rara. O pacote também inclui um ouro 7 & # 8243 de Ruston Kelly tocando “Dark and Bloody Ground & # 8221 de um lado, e um artista misterioso tocando uma música misteriosa de Johnny Cash do outro.

Uma noite para recordar Tracklist:

1. Big River
2. Domingo de manhã descendo
3. A cidade de Nova Orleans
4. Balada da Bárbara
5. Um menino chamado Sue
6. Indo para Memphis
7. Aquele papai meu de cabelos prateados - com Carl Perkins
8. Medley: Hey Porter / Folsom Prison Blues / Wreck Of The Old 97 / Orange Blossom Special
9. Eu ando na linha
10. Jackson & # 8211 com June Carter Cash
11. Se eu fosse um carpinteiro - com June Carter Cash
12. Ajude-me a sobreviver durante a noite
13. Ajude-me com June Carter Cash e Larry Gatlin |
14. Senhor, sou eu? / A Última Ceia
15. Se eu tivesse um martelo com June Carter Cash
17. Daddy Sang Bass com June Carter Cash e Carl Perkins
16. Will The Circle Be Unbroken com June Carter Cash e Carl Perkins
18. Folsom Prison Blues (outro)


Capítulo 3: Para o topo

Uma sessão de julho de 1958 em Nashville com o produtor Don Law marcou a ascensão de Cash ao ranking das grandes gravadoras, quando ele começou a trabalhar em canções que iriam compor seu álbum de estreia na Columbia, The Fabulous Johnny Cash. Uma canção ocidental desse álbum, Don't Take Your Guns To Town, liderou as paradas country por seis semanas em 1959, e Cash entrou em uma nova década como um artista bem estabelecido em seu auge.

Lenda da música Johnny Cash (Foto: John R. Hamilton / John Wayne Enterprises)

"A década de 1960 foi provavelmente minha época mais produtiva, falando de maneira criativa", escreveu ele em Cash. "Muitas vezes eu não estava na minha melhor voz, porque as anfetaminas secaram minha garganta e me reduziram, às vezes, a grasnidos e sussurros, mas essa não era a história o tempo todo, e minha energia e produção eram altas."

O uso de drogas do Sr. Cash aumentou. Ele destruiu quartos de hotel, cancelou shows, iniciou incêndios, destruiu carros, foi preso por aquisição ilegal de pílulas, destruiu a ribalta do Grand Ole Opry e se alienou de sua esposa e quatro filhas.

“Eu começava a me sentir bem depois de dois ou três dias sem drogas”, escreveu ele. "Então, porém, eu chegava em casa, geralmente na segunda-feira, e achava o estresse do meu casamento tão difícil que dirigia até aquele farmacêutico, pegava duzentos ou trezentos comprimidos e ia para o deserto em meu trailer, e ficar lá fora, bem alto, pelo tempo que eu puder. "

Em 11 de fevereiro de 1962, June Carter se juntou ao road show de Johnny Cash. Ela era filha da grande guitarra acústica Mãe Maybelle Carter e membro do clã Carter, um grupo conhecido como "A Primeira Família da Música Country". Por algum tempo, o Sr. Cash ficou fascinado por sua beleza, humor e talento, e ela rapidamente reconheceu o magnetismo do Sr. Cash e a aparente necessidade de um zelador.

Além de descarregar comprimidos e acalmar os nervos, ela escreveu uma música para o Sr. Cash que descrevia sentimentos de ansiedade sobre o relacionamento deles em escalada. Tornaria-se um de seus sucessos mais conhecidos: Escrito por Carter e Merle Kilgore, Ring of Fire alcançou o primeiro lugar em 1963.

"Uma música como essa dura para sempre", disse Cash ao The Tennessean em 2002.

Embora grande parte do musical Nashville tenha ignorado o florescente movimento folk, Cash abraçou alguns dos artistas e ideologias folk. Ele apareceu no New York Folk Festival em 1965, gravou um dueto com Carter em It Ain't Me Babe de Bob Dylan em 1964, gravou um álbum conceitual sobre a vida dos índios americanos chamado Bitter Tears e apoiou publicamente o movimento pelos direitos civis.

"Quando eu era jovem, vi meu pai falando contra a Guerra do Vietnã, contra a Ku Klux Klan, e é aí que meu ativismo social está enraizado", disse a filha Rosanne Cash ao The Tennessean. "Ele nunca se dobrou. Ele nem mesmo quase se dobrou."

Uma voz atenciosa de inclusão e um canal para polinização cruzada entre artistas folk e country, em meados da década de 1960 o Sr. Cash também podia ser um homem furioso e violento sujeito a fraquezas e explosões de raiva.

"A mistura de anfetaminas e álcool era um veneno enlouquecedor", escreveu ele em Man In Black. "Minha esposa e meus filhos temiam o homem estranho que eu havia me tornado."

No início de 1967, ele e Vivian se divorciaram, em meio a muita devassidão movida a pílulas, mas no final de 1967, o Sr. Cash se comprometeu a abandonar as drogas, embora seu show de 13 de janeiro de 1968 na Prisão de Folsom fosse a prova de que ele ainda estava bastante confinado toque com seu lado escuro.

Em Folsom, ele deliciava os prisioneiros, xingando, brincando e cantando sobre cães chupadores de ovo e o Cocaine Blues com uma carnalidade e selvageria que era ao mesmo tempo emocionante, divertida e empática. A gravação do show, lançado como Johnny Cash na Folsom Prison, agora é considerado um dos álbuns mais significativos da história da música country.

Para o Sr. Cash, 1968 ofereceu momentos maravilhosos e trágicos. Ele propôs June Carter no palco em 1º de fevereiro e casou-se com ela um mês depois. Ele começou a arrumar datas de shows que perdera quando estava muito tenso e lançou dois sucessos no topo das paradas. Mas em agosto de 1968, Luther Perkins, companheiro de banda de longa data e inovador "boom-chicka-boom", morreu em um incêndio em uma casa. O guitarrista Bob Wooten logo se juntou à banda, tornando-se parte de um grupo que contava com Marshall Grant, baterista W.S. "Fluke" Holland e o rockabilly original da Sun Carl Perkins.

A mudança no estado civil e no estilo de vida coincidiu com uma maior atenção aos assuntos espirituais, e o Sr. Cash frequentemente falava ao público e entrevistadores sobre suas crenças cristãs. Mais tarde, ele escreveria um livro sobre o apóstolo Paulo chamado Man In White.

No final dos anos 1960, Cash estava em turnê com um grupo que incluía Perkins, membros da Família Carter e o grupo vocal The Statler Brothers. Esse bando de talentos garantiu variedade ao público, e o Sr. e a Sra. Cash mantiveram essa cena em casa, convidando músicos para compartilhar histórias e trocar canções.

Cash manteve amizade com artistas fora do mundo country, e ele e o inovador do banjo Earl Scruggs foram dois dos poucos artistas proeminentes de Nashville a se misturarem com músicos folk e pop politicamente esquerdistas durante este período contencioso de agitação pelos direitos civis e guerra no Vietnã .

Um amigo do Sr. Cash era Bob Dylan: eles mantiveram uma correspondência desde o início dos anos 1960. Cash cantou com Dylan em Girl From the North Country, a faixa inicial para o álbum de 1969 Nashville Skyline de Dylan. O Sr. Cash também contribuiu com capas vencedoras do Grammy para esse álbum.

Bob Dylan, à esquerda, ensaia com Johnny Cash no palco do Ryman Auditorium antes de uma gravação de & quotThe Johnny Cash Show & quot em 1969. (Foto: Jimmy Ellis / The Tennessean)

Uma difícil turnê pelo Extremo Oriente em 1969 encontrou o Sr. Cash às vezes fazendo mais de 10 shows por dia para tropas militares em locais como Saigon, no Vietnã. O estresse daquela turnê deixou o Sr. Cash e ele voltou a tomar pílulas.

“Minha libertação do vício em drogas não foi permanente”, escreveria ele mais tarde. "Embora eu nunca tenha regredido para passar anos a fio com anfetaminas, usei drogas que alteram o humor por períodos de duração variada em vários momentos desde 1967: anfetaminas, pílulas para dormir e analgésicos prescritos."

Em fevereiro de 1969, o Sr. Cash gravou novamente um álbum em uma penitenciária. Desta vez foi San Quentin, onde ele já havia visitado anteriormente três vezes. Ele havia escrito uma canção chamada San Quentin para a ocasião.

"San Quentin, que apodreça e queime no inferno", ele cantou, e os presos gritaram uma mistura de som perigoso de apreciação e angústia desencadeada. O Sr. Cash muitas vezes mais tarde comentaria que a cena mal foi controlada e que se ele tivesse gritado "Quebre!", Os prisioneiros teriam se revoltado.

Tanto San Quentin quanto Folsom Prison Blues foram escritos em uma narrativa em primeira pessoa que levou muitos ouvintes a presumir que o próprio Cash havia estado na prisão. Ele não o fez, embora tenha passado algum tempo na prisão por menores acusações.

A Boy Named Sue, uma canção de Shel Silverstein gravada naquela noite, foi o maior sucesso do álbum At San Quentin. Foi um hit country número 1 de cinco semanas e ganhou o prêmio de single do ano da Country Music Association.

Junho de 1969 trouxe o lançamento de At San Quentin, e marcou o início do The Johnny Cash Show da ABC-TV. Cash gravou a maioria dos 56 episódios do show no Ryman Auditorium de Nashville, e ele insistiu que os artistas convidados incluiriam artistas controversos da época, incluindo Dylan, Pete Seeger e Arlo Guthrie. A mistura atípica de country, rock, folk e jazz tinha como objetivo destacar conjunções, não colisões, e o programa ajudou a ampliar a fama de Cash entre aqueles que não tinham ouvido música country.

O Sr. Cash venderia mais de 6 milhões de discos em 1969, tornando-o o ano de maior sucesso de sua carreira. O Vietnã estava furioso, Richard Nixon era presidente e Johnny Cash, um nativo de Kingsland, Arkansas, de 37 anos, era maior do que os Beatles.


Precisa de um curso intensivo de história da música country? Aqui & # 39s 100 anos de curiosidades

Você era a pessoa na mesa de perguntas e respostas que se esqueceu quando Johnny Cash morreu? Não me lembro em que ano Patsy Cline lançou "Crazy"? Não entendeu há quanto tempo o Grand Ole Opry existe?

Desde o nascimento de Kitty Wells em 1919 até a dominação de Kacey Musgraves no Grammy Awards em 2019, aqui estão 100 anos de conhecimento de música country. Aprofunde-se

Com & quotIt Wasn & # 39t God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels & quot, Kitty Wells se tornou a primeira artista solo feminina a chegar ao topo da parada country da Billboard & # 39s em 1952. Aqui, Wells, conhecida como a Rainha da Música Country, agradece após sua introdução no Country Music Hall of Fame por Minnie Pearl, homenageada no ano passado e nº 39, no show do CMA Awards no Grand Ole Opry House em 11 de outubro de 1976. (Foto: Gerald Holly / The Tennessean)

1919: Kitty Wells nasceu em Nashville.

1920: O pequeno Jimmy Dickens nasceu em Bolt, West Virginia.

1921: O grande Honky-tonk Webb Pierce nasceu em West Monroe, Louisiana.

1922: As gravações comerciais de música country começam com o violinista Eck Robertson.

1923: Hank Williams nasceu em Mount Olive, Alabama.

1924: O locutor de rádio George D. Hay juntou-se ao programa "National Barn Dance" no WLS-AM de Chicago, e o conceito o seguiria em seu próximo show no WSM-AM de Nashville.

1925: WSM estreia seu próprio programa de "dança do celeiro" de uma hora, que iria evoluir para o histórico Grand Ole Opry.

1926: O grande country Ray Price nasceu em Wood County, Texas.

1927: Uma sessão de gravação conhecida pelos historiadores do gênero como o "big bang" da música country ocorre em um estúdio em Bristol, Tennessee. As sessões renderam álbuns de estreia de The Carter Family e Jimmie Rodgers.

1928: Rodgers lança seu primeiro "Blue Yodel (T para Texas)." Uma dúzia de sequências se seguirão nos próximos cinco anos, até sua morte em 1933.

1929: Nascem June Carter Cash e Buck Owens.

1930: Nasce o grande Curly Putman como compositor. Em 34 anos, ele escreverá "Green, Green Grass of Home".

George Jones se apresenta durante o jantar e show da CBS Records no Municipal Auditorium em 21 de outubro de 1968. (Foto: S.A. Tarkington / The Tennessean)

1931: George Jones nasceu em Saratoga, Texas.

1932: Um ano impressionante para nascimentos de música country. Johnny Cash, Patsy Cline, Loretta Lynn e Mel Tillis nasceram dentro de sete meses.

1933: Jimmie Rodgers, uma das primeiras estrelas do country, morre aos 35 anos.

1934: O velho violinista Gid Tanner lança um dos maiores sucessos do ano, "Down Yonder".

1935: A família Carter lança "Can the Circle Be Unbroken (By and By)".

1936: Kris Kristofferson nasceu em Brownsville, Texas.

1937: Kitty Wells e Johnny Wright são casados, dando início a uma longa linha de casais poderosos na Music City. Eles ficarão juntos por 74 anos.

Charley Pride nasceu no Mississippi em 1938. (Foto: Charles Sykes / Invision / AP)

1938: O futuro pioneiro da música country Charley Pride nasceu no Mississippi.

1939: Gene Autry lança sua música característica, "Back in the Saddle Again".

1940: A gravação de "You Are My Sunshine" por Jimmie Davis é um dos maiores sucessos do ano.

1941: Ernest Tubb lança música country honky-tonk "Walking the Floor Over You".

1942: Tammy Wynette, a "primeira-dama" da música country, nasceu no condado de Itawamba, no Mississippi.

1943: O Grand Ole Opry muda-se para o Ryman Auditorium no centro de Nashville.

1944: Brenda Lee nasceu em Atlanta.

1945: Escrito por Jenny Lou Carson e interpretado por Tex Ritter, "You Two-Timed Me One Time Too Freten" torna-se o primeiro hit country número 1 escrito por uma mulher.

Dolly Parton nasceu em Pittman Center, Tennessee, em 1946. Aqui, Parton canta & quotDon & # 39t Try to Cry & quot durante o show da RCA Records no D.J. Convenção em 21 de outubro de 1967, no Auditório Municipal. (Foto: Jimmy Ellis / The Tennessean)

1946: Dolly Parton nasceu em Pittman Center, Tennessee.

1947: Hank Williams tem seu primeiro grande sucesso com "Move It On Over".

1948: Eddy Arnold, o Tennessee Plowboy, domina as paradas da Billboard com seis músicas marcando o primeiro lugar no ano.

1949: O favorito de Opry, Little Jimmy Dickens, tem uma série de sucessos, incluindo "Country Boy" e "A-Sleeping at the Foot of the Bed".

1950: WSM, apresentador de rádio do Grand Ole Opry, expande-se para a televisão, lançando WSM-TV.

1951: Loretta Lynn ganha outra irmãzinha, Brenda, que vai se tornar um membro do Opry, Crystal Gayle.

1952: Com "Não foi Deus quem fez Honky Tonk Angels", Kitty Wells é a primeira artista solo feminina a chegar ao topo da parada country da Billboard.

1953: O famoso artista country Hank Williams morre no dia de ano novo aos 29 anos.

1954: Elvis Presley faz sua única aparição no Grand Ole Opry.

1955: O grande sucesso atinge um punhado de jovens nomes proeminentes da música country - incluindo Johnny Cash, Porter Wagoner e George Jones.

1956: Johnny Cash escreve e grava "I Walk the Line".

1957: É um pouco country, um pouco rock 'n' roll - "Jailhouse Rock" está no topo das paradas Country & amp Western e R & ampB ao mesmo tempo.

1958: Johnny Cash se apresenta na Prisão de San Quentin, um show com a presença de Merle Haggard, que estava cumprindo uma sentença de dois anos na época.

1959: O primeiro Grammys inclui um prêmio de país, para Melhor Performance Country e Western. Vai para "Tom Dooley" do Kingston Trio.

1960: O honky-tonk mais famoso de Nashville, Tootsies Orchid Lounge, abre na Lower Broadway.

1961: Patsy Cline lança uma versão de sucesso da canção "Crazy" de Willie Nelson.

1962: A lenda do soul Ray Charles lança "Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music".

1963: Patsy Cline morre aos 30 anos em um acidente de avião.

1964: Jim Reeves morre em um acidente de avião.

1965: Nasce a futura superstar country / pop Shania Twain.

1966: "Just Between You and Me", o primeiro grande hit country para Charley Pride, é lançado em dezembro.

1967: A Country Music Association hospeda sua primeira cerimônia de premiação em Nashville.

1968: Johnny Cash lança seu histórico álbum ao vivo, "At Folsom Prison".

1969: Os programas de música country "Hee Haw" e "The Johnny Cash Show" estreiam em Nashville.

Loretta Lynn se apresenta como convidada no palco do Grand Ole Opry em 19 de outubro de 1985, onde o apresentador Roy Acuff retornou após uma ausência de quatro meses. Um alimento cardíaco havia impedido o desempenho de Acuff, de 82 anos. (Foto: Kathleen Smith / The Tennessean)

1970: Loretta Lynn lança seu sucesso que definiu sua carreira, "Coal Miner's Daughter".

1971: Alison Krauss nasceu em Decatur, Illinois.

1972: The inaugural CMA "Fan Fair" launches in Nashville, an event that would evolve into the annual CMA Music Festival.

1973: The year's top hits include "Old Dogs, Children and Watermelon Wine," "Louisiana Woman, Mississippi Man" and, just in time for Christmas, "If We Make It Through December."

1974: The Grand Ole Opry moves from the Ryman Auditorium to the newly built Opry House at Opryland.

1975: George Jones and Tammy Wynette get divorced, but that doesn't stop them from continuing to release hit duets, including "Golden Ring."

1976: Future country music giants Blake Shelton and Luke Bryan are born.

1977: Elvis Presley dies at his Graceland estate at age 42.

1978: As "Mammas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys" rules the radio, Chris Stapleton is born in Lexington, Kentucky.

1979: Bluegrass pioneer Lester Flatt dies.

1980: Country music takes over Hollywood, with motion pictures "Coal Miner's Daughter," "Urban Cowboy," "Honeysuckle Rose" and "9 to 5" all debuting on the silver screen.

1981: After a 21-year run, TV's "The Porter Wagoner Show" airs its final episode.

1982: In the same year he's inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame, Marty Robbins dies at age 57.

1983: Cable TV goes country with the launches of CMTV (now CMT) and The Nashville Network (TNN).

1984: Ernest Tubb dies at age 70.

The Highwaymen were Waylon Jennings, Johnny Cash, Willie Nelson and Kris Kristofferson. (Photo: Courtesy of Sony Music Entertainment / Photo by Jim McGuire)

1985: Johnny Cash, Waylon Jennings, Willie Nelson and Kris Kristofferson form the Highwaymen, an outlaw country supergroup.

1986: After 28 years, Columbia Records drops Johnny Cash from its roster.

1987: Randy Travis' "Forever and Ever, Amen" is essentially country's song of the summer, topping the chart for three weeks.

1988: Kacey Musgraves is born in Golden, Texas.

1989: A string of artists defined as the country music Class of 1989 — Garth Brooks, Clint Black, Alan Jackson and Travis Tritt — begin a run of mainstream success. Also, Taylor Swift is born.

Garth Brookswon the Entertainer of the Year award during the 1991 to 1994, 1998 and 1999 Academy of Country Music Awards shows. Here, he is with one of his four awards from the CMA Awards show, including Entertainer of the Year, in 1991 (Photo: Delores Delvin / The Tennessean)

1990: Garth Brooks releases his landmark album "No Fences," and its first single, "Friends in Low Places."

1991: After sustaining injuries in a car accident while en route to the Grand Ole Opry, Dottie West dies at age 58.

1992: Crossover hit "Achy Breaky Heart" by Billy Ray Cyrus begins its ascent into the pop culture history books.

1993: Conway Twitty dies at 59.

1994: Twenty years after it lost the Grand Ole Opry, the Ryman Auditorium is reopened and quickly becomes Nashville's most cherished venue.

1995: Canadian country singer Shania Twain rises to fame with her sophomore album, "The Woman in Me."

1996: Hit-makers Tim McGraw and Faith Hill get married.

Hit-makers Tim McGraw and Faith Hill got married in 1996. Here, they give an interview at the Daisy Hill Barn Party in Franklin on Oct. 13, 1996. They were married on Oct. 6. (Photo: Freeman Ramsey / The Tennessean)

1997: LeAnn Rimes and Trisha Yearwood each record "How Do I Live," and both versions are huge hits.

1998: Faith Hill's "This Kiss" continues an era of huge country/pop crossovers.

1999: Keith Urban makes his solo American country music debut.

2000: The soundtrack to "O Brother, Where Art Thou?" sparks renewed interest in traditional country, folk and bluegrass.

2001: Garth Brooks enters his first full year of retirement, having walked away from the stage in October 2000.

2002: Alan Jackson's 9/11 response, "Where Were You (When the World Stopped Turning)," is named CMA's Song of the Year.

2003: Johnny Cash dies at age 71.

2004: Miranda Lambert begins work on her debut album, "Kerosene," launching her prolific career.

"American Idol" winner Carrie Underwood in June 2005 (Photo: Sanford Myers / The Tennessean)

2005: Carrie Underwood wins the fourth season of "American Idol," launching her country music career.

2006: Bakersfield Sound pioneer Buck Owens dies at age 76.

2007: Both Bon Jovi and the Eagles make a play for Music Row with country-tinged albums.

2008: The legendary Eddy Arnold dies at 89.

2009: Garth Brooks returns to the stage for a five-year Las Vegas residency.

2010: Taylor Swift dominates January's Grammy Awards, including an Album of the Year win for "Fearless."

2011: Country superstars Blake Shelton and Miranda Lambert get married. They'll divorce four years later.

2012: TV's "Nashville" brings the drama of Music Row to prime time.

2013: Bobby Bare, "Cowboy" Jack Clement and Kenny Rogers lead an all-star induction class at the Country Music Hall of Fame.

Taylor Swift has decided to let Apple Music stream her "1989" album. (Photo: John Davisson / Invision / AP)

2014: Taylor Swift makes a clean break from country music with the pure pop album "1989."

2015: A country radio consultant sparks outrage after calling female artists "the tomatoes in our salad," which spawns the hashtag #TomatoGate.

2016: Merle Haggard dies in his home state of California.

2017: Route 91 Harvest, a country music festival in Las Vegas, becomes the site of the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history.

2018: With “Best Shot," Jimmie Allen becomes the first black male artist to launch his career with a No. 1 song at country radio.

2019: Kacey Musgraves wins the coveted Album of the Year honor at the Grammy Awards for her third studio release, "Golden Hour."


Johnny Cash

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Please note: the tracklisting is detailing the 7 LP Boxset edition.

In 1986, after almost 30 years on Columbia Records, Country music legend Johnny Cash released his first album on Mercury Records &ndash Class Of &rsquo55, in collaboration with fellow Sun Records alumni Roy Orbison, Jerry Lee Lewis and Carl Perkins. Seven years later, his last recording before signing with Rick Rubin&rsquos American Recordings would be another collaboration, &ldquoThe Wanderer&rdquo, with U2.

In the years that span those recordings, Johnny Cash released a total of six albums for Mercury. Despite significant focus and attention around his Columbia and American recordings, his Mercury catalogue has never been revisited&hellip until now.

UMe / Mercury Records are proud to announce that April 2020 will see the release of Johnny Cash: The Complete Mercury Studio Albums (1986-1991) &ndash a 7CD/ 7LP boxed set featuring newly remastered audio for the very first time, using the original Mercury master tapes.

Notably, the album Classic Cash: Hall Of Fame Series is presented in a 2LP format for the very first time. All the LPs are pressed on 180g vinyl for the highest quality audio fidelity and the box includes a MP3 download voucher.

With brand new liner notes by music writer Scott Schinder, Johnny Cash: The Complete Mercury Studio Recordings (1986-1991) represents the very first deep dive into the Country music legend&rsquos Mercury catalogue, and reveals its importance as the bridge between his better known catalogues on Columbia and American.


Johnny Cash: The Complete Columbia Album Collection

The Complete Columbia Album Collection is a box set by country singer Johnny Cash, released in 2012 (see 2012 in music) on Columbia Records and Legacy Recordings.

The set consists of 63 CDs, the majority of which are reissues of 59 albums released by Cash during his 1958–1986 tenure with Columbia. Each CD is packaged in a replica of the original LP cover, with any albums originally issued as a two-LP set condensed onto one disc with the exception of The Gospel Road which remains in a two-CD configuration. Bonus material includes a two-CD set titled The Singles, Plus, compiling non-album tracks and duets taken from other albums a Carter Family album on which Cash provided guest vocals the two albums Cash recorded for Columbia as a member of the supergroup The Highwaymen and an extended edition of the Sun Records album With His Hot and Blue Guitar with additional tracks from the Sun era (including the complete contents of his second Sun album, Sings the Songs That Made Him Famous). Hot and Blue Guitar is the only album to be presented in an extended edition all other albums are featured with their original contents, without augmentation. As such this is not a complete survey of everything Cash recorded for Columbia for example, additional performances from the At Folsom Prison e At San Quentin live shows, included on separate reissues of the two albums, are not included. Also omitted is the 1975 album Destination Victoria Station which had featured new performances of previously released recordings, the 1961 album The Lure of the Grand Canyon, the 1980 gospel album A Believer Sings the Truth, as well as most of the tracks issued on Columbia's Bootleg series of 2011–2012. [1] [2] Out Among the Stars, a complete album recorded by Cash in the early 1980s but not released at that time, is also omitted as it would not be released officially until 2014.

Many of the albums featured in the set make their CD debut in the collection. According to country historian Rich Kienzle's liner notes (part of a 200-page book included in the set), one album Koncert V Praze (In Prague–Live) received its first North American release in the set. [3]


Mocktail

The Blackberry Hill

Photo credit: Elana Lepkowski, stirandstrain.com

Stirred up by Jeff Dasher, lead bartender Shady Lady Saloon in Sacramento, CA, which is near where Folsom Prison still stands. We asked Jeff to make a mocktail since Johnny Cash famously struggled with addiction.

The “Hill” of the drink’s name is a reference to a line in Jeff’s favorite Johnny Cash song, “Cocaine Blues,” where he mentions getting in a little trouble with the sheriff of Jericho Hill.

Ingredients:

  • 1 1/2 ounces Blackberry-thyme syrup (because of “doing time” in prison… get it? Find a recipe here)
  • 3/4 ounce Lemon juice
  • Bundaberg Ginger Beer
  • Vanilla bitters (to add a little darkness to the cocktail to honor the “Man in Black”)
  • Ice
  • Amora silvestre

Instruções:
Pour Blackberry-thyme syrup and lemon juice in a highball glass. Top that off with ginger beer, add ice and a few drops of bitters. Garnish with a few blackberries and enjoy.


Johnny Cash

Look up the word “legend” in the dictionary and you’ll find Johnny Cash. From his birth in Arkansas in 1932 through his amazing recording career and marriage to June Carter Cash, he lived life to the fullest right up to the very end. Here’s our Johnny Cash timeline.

Feb. 26, 1932
Johnny Cash is born in Kingsland, Arkansas to Ray Cash and Carrie Cloveree, Southern Baptist cotton farmers.

1944
Brother Jack is nearly cut in half by a table saw and dies after a week of suffering. Cash later says that he felt guilt because he had gone fishing that day.

1954
Marries Vivian Liberto.

1955
Releases his first recording with Sun Records: “Hey Porter” and “Cry Cry Cry.”

1955
Daughter Rosanne Cash is born.

1957
Releases a full-length album on Sun Records.

1964
Releases the album, Bitter Tears.

1965
Is arrested in El Paso, Texas for possession of narcotics.

1965
Releases the album, Ballads of the True West.

1966
Is arrested in Starkville, Mississippi for trespassing on private property. He had been picking flowers.

1967
June Carter and Cash win a Grammy for Best Country & Western Performance, Duet, Trio or Group for their song, “Jackson.”

Oct. 1967
Attempts suicide by crawling into Nickajack Cave in Tennessee. He comes out of the cave after having a religious relevation.

1968
Cash proposes to Carter onstage at a concert in London, Ontario and she accepts.

March 1, 1968
Cash and Carter marry.

Aug. 1968
His guitarist Luther Perkins dies in a house fire.

Oct. 1968
Friend and next door neighbor Roy Orbison’s house burns down, killing two of Orbison’s sons. This event, in addition to the loss of Luther Perkins, affected Cash profoundly.

1968
Releases the album, Johnny Cash at Folson Prison.

Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison

1969
Releases the album, Johnny Cash at San Quentin. The single “A Boy Named Sue” reaches #1 on the country charts and #2 on the U.S. pop charts.

Johnny Cash at San Quentin

1969
His tv show premieres on the ABC network.

1970
Their son, John Carter Cash, is born.

1970
Carter and Cash win a Grammy for Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal for “If I Were a Carpenter.”

1971
Writes the song “Man in Black” with the lyrics: “I wear the black for the poor and the beaten down, / Livin’ in the hopeless, hungry side of town, / I wear it for the prisoner who has long paid for his crime, / But is there because he’s a victim of the times.”

1975
Publishes an autobiography, Man in Black. It sells 1.3 million copies.

Man in Black by Johnny Cash

Sept. 27. 1976
Cash and Carter guest star together on an episode of Little House on the Prairie entitled “The Collection.”

Johnny Cash on Little House on the Prairie

1980
At the age of 48, Cash is the youngest living inductee into the Country Music Hall of Fame.

1981
Stars in the tv movie, The Pride of Jesse Hallam.

1983
Stars in the tv movie, Murder in Coweta County, co-starring Andy Griffith.

1983
He is attacked by an ostrich in his wild animal park in Tennessee, crushing several ribs and having his stomach torn open. While recovering, he becomes addiction to painkillers.

Dec. 1983
Cash checks into Betty Ford to kick his prescription pill addiction.

1986
Publishes a novel, Man in White.

Man in White by Johnny Cash

July 1986
Columbia Records drops Cash after a decade without a hit.

1993
Sings the vocals on the U2 song, “The Wanderer,” on the Zooropa álbum.

April 1994
Releases the acoustic album, American Recordings. Produced by Rick Rubin, the success of the album revives his career and brings him a new generation of fans. It wins a Grammy for Contemporary Folk Album of the Year.

1996
Releases a second album with Rubin called Unchained. The album wins a Grammy award for Best Country Album.

1997
Cash is diagnosed with Shy-Drager syndrome, a neurodegenerative disease related to diabetes.

1998
He is hospitalized with severe pneumonia.

1998
Publishes his second autobiography, Cash: The Autobiography.

2000
Releases the album, American III: Solitary Man. It wins the Grammy for Best Country Male Vocal Performance for the cover of Neil Diamond’s “Solitary Man.”

American III: Solitary Man

2001
Due to heart trouble, June is fitted with a pacemaker.

2002
Releases the album, American IV: The Man Comes Around. One song, “Hurt,” is written by Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails and becomes a huge hit.

American IV: The Man Comes Around

Oct. 2002
Films the video for “Hurt.” The video receives seven nominations at the MTV Video Music Awards and wins for Best Cinematography.

Feb. 2003
Wins a Grammy for Best Country Male Vocal Performance for the song “Give My Love to Rose.” The video for “Hurt” wins a Grammy for Best Short Form Video.

April 7, 2003
June appears on the CMT Flameworthy Awards to accept an award in honor of Cash.

May 7, 2003
June undergoes heart valve replacement surgery. The surgery appears at first to be a success.

May 15, 2003
Unexpected complications arise from the surgery and she dies at the age of 73 in Nashville, Tennessee.

Sept. 12, 2003
Johnny Cash dies of complications from diabetes at the age of 71. He is buried next to June in Hendersonville, Tennessee.

Nov. 18, 2005
A film about their life, Walk the Line, is released. It stars Joaquin Phoenix as Cash and Reese Witherspoon as June Carter Cash.


Johnny Cash’s dark California days

Johnny Cash’s life in the 1960s is mostly remembered as a time of glorious achievement — from the landmark prison albums at Folsom and San Quentin to the launch of the ABC-TV series featuring such guests as Bob Dylan and the Doors that led to his becoming a giant figure in popular culture, a symbol to millions, no less, of the best of American social values.

But Cash also experienced excruciatingly dark times in the decade, fueled by drugs and guilt over the breakup of his marriage.

FOR THE RECORD:
Johnny Cash: An article about Johnny Cash in the Oct. 13 Arts & Books section said the Doors appeared on the singer’s television show. The group was not among his guests. -

Cash, 26, moved to California with his wife, Vivian, and his first three daughters in the summer of 1958, hoping for a career in the movies. It was a heady time. Thanks to such hits as “I Walk the Line” and “Folsom Prison Blues,” he was the hottest young country artist in years and had just been lured away from tiny Sun Records by Columbia Records. Cash, whose musical approach was flavored by elements of folk, blues and gospel music, wasn’t a great singer technically, but the heart of his music conveyed elements of human struggle with inspiration and conviction. His trademark “boom-chicka-boom” instrumental sound (pioneered by guitarist Luther Perkins) felt as steady and affirming as an amplified heartbeat.

He bought an upscale, $75,000 home on Hayvenhurst Avenue in Encino that was previously owned by Johnny Carson and just down the street from where the Jackson family would later set up their compound.

The first three years were happy ones, but things started unraveling amid drug and marital tension as well as an embarrassing B-movie film debut (he played a crazed gunman in the film-noirish “Five Minutes to Live”). He would star in more films, including “A Gunfight” in 1971 with Kirk Douglas, and several made-for-TV exercises, but he never earned the reputation of a serious actor.

Hoping for a new start away from the glare of Hollywood, Cash moved his family to the relatively isolated village of Casitas Springs in Ventura County in 1961 — but things only got worse.

Hating confrontation, Cash stopped coming home for months at a time and struck up affairs with other women, notably June Carter, who joined his touring group in 1962. As he fell deeper into drugs, his behavior became so self-destructive that those around him feared for his life. The year 1965 would bring particular humiliation and pain.

One of the most vivid childhood memories of Cash’s two oldest daughters, Rosanne and Kathy, was watching their mother, Vivian, puffing anxiously on a cigarette as she stared through the living room window of their Casitas Springs home on those rare nights when she thought her husband might actually be coming home. Vivian imagined him in the arms of June Carter, or dead somewhere of a drug overdose, and she prayed to see the headlights in the driveway that would prove her wrong. On most nights, Vivian gave up around 1 a.m. and tried to grab a few hours sleep before getting the girls ready for class at St. Catherine-by-the-Sea elementary school.

Though Cash was showing up less and less often, she held out hope that he would be home one night in June 1965 after his manager, Saul Holiff, phoned to say that Johnny was on the way. Vivian took her familiar place at the window and let the girls, who now numbered four, stay up late to greet their father, whom they hadn’t seen in months. By 2 a.m., she knew she was going to be alone with the children again.

It was nearly a week of day-and-night vigils before Cash’s camper — which he named “Jesse” after the outlaw Jesse James — headed up the driveway. Despite all the pain he had caused her, she wanted to run to him just like the day he arrived home at the Memphis airport after a three-year Air Force stay in Germany. As he approached the front door, her nostalgia gave way to resentment. Cash, feeling guilty and defensive, sensed her fury, and an argument broke out immediately. Finally, he shouted that he wanted a divorce. He had broached the subject before, but never so angrily.

Johnny Western, a musician-friend, says Cash told him that he offered Vivian a half-million-dollar settlement, though he must have been kidding himself if he thought he could put that much money together. Most of the new Columbia contract income was going to pay off old loans. Vivian shouted back, refusing even to consider a divorce, and he stormed off to his office sanctuary.

As Kathy recalls, “Dad would try so hard to stay positive, to make light of things, to always have a great sense of humor, but he would get into these moods where he just seemed to shut down and didn’t want to talk or really do much of anything except spend time by himself in his office.”

Rosanne remembers the period as frightening and heartbreaking.

“It just got to where it was like somebody else was coming home, not my daddy,” she says. “The drugs were at work. He’d stay up all night. He and my mom would fight. It was so sad. He would always be having accidents. He turned the tractor over one day and almost killed himself, and we had to call the fire department after he set fire to the hillside. One time he took me on his lap and put his arms around me and said, ‘I’m glad to be alive,’ because the tractor could have rolled over on him. He held me so tightly. I felt so close to him. I wished it could always be like that. But then he’d be gone again.”

The girls finally got to see their dad before they left for school the next morning, but he was gone by the time they returned home. As he had so often, he wanted to escape. He drove his camper to the nearby home of his nephew Damon Fielder.

Damon slid in beside Johnny in the camper on the morning of June 27, and the pair started out on the short drive to the Sespe Creek entrance of the Los Padres National Forest watershed. The forest is one of the many natural wonders of California and one reason why Cash was drawn to Casitas Springs. Covering nearly 1.8 million acres, it stretched from the breathtaking Big Sur coastline to mountain ranges to the south and was home to many protected species, including the California condor.

Getting into the passenger seat was Damon’s first regret of the day. Cash was a terrible driver under the best of circumstances — and it was clear from his dazed look that he had already been into the amphetamines he favored. The resulting series of starts and stops made the camper feel like something from a slapstick comedy.

As Damon crashed against the door while the camper careened along the rugged dirt road, his patience was also taking a beating. Watching Cash take a swig of whiskey and down a few more pills, Damon couldn’t hold his tongue any longer.

“Why do you take those things?”

“I like to control my moods and they help me do that,” Cash replied unapologetically.

Cash just scooped up more pills from an old fruit jar as the camper bounced along the dirt trail.

Damon was so upset he didn’t want to sit near Cash as he stopped near a promising fishing spot. “I’m going to fish over there. I don’t want anything to do with you,” he told Cash, who replied, “That’s fine. I don’t want to be by you, either.” Damon headed to a secluded stretch of water.

His tranquillity was broken by a strong smell in the usually pure Los Padres air. It was smoke, and it was coming from the direction of the camper. He rushed back to find Cash on his knees in front of the truck, fanning a fast-spreading blaze. There was a spent package of matches by his side. Damon figured his uncle had started the fire to keep warm and in his drugged state had let it get out of control.

As flames swept through the nearby brush, he realized they needed to get out fast. He called for Cash to come along, but the belligerent singer said he wasn’t going anywhere. Damon tried to grab his uncle, but Cash resisted, and he was too strong to budge. In a panic, as the fire surrounded them, Damon grabbed a thick tree branch and swung at Cash’s head as hard as he could. The blow brought Cash to his knees, but it didn’t knock him out as Damon had hoped. Cash got up and stumbled over to the shallow creek, where he sat down, thinking he’d be safe.

Damon raced for help, warning other campers along the trail and eventually hooking up with a fire helicopter crew. His heart was racing until the helicopter landed and he saw his uncle was still alive in the creek. This time he had no trouble persuading him to vacate the area. The pills and whiskey had begun to wear off, and the water was cold.

Watching Cash get into the helicopter, Damon knew he’d helped save his uncle’s life. He was crushed a few days later to hear that Cash told his mother, that Damon had left him in the forest to die.

Cash was equally disingenuous when asked by forestry officials investigating the cause of the 508-acre burn how the fire got started. He blamed it on sparks from a defective exhaust system on his camper. When a judge later questioned Cash, he was equally defiant: “I didn’t do it, my truck did and it’s dead, so you can’t question it.” Asked during a deposition about the loss of 49 of the region’s 53 condors in the blaze, he didn’t make any friends when he snapped, “I don’t care about your damn yellow buzzards.”

Columbia Records canceled plans for a live recording at the Kansas State Reformatory — which, in retrospect, was a stroke of good luck. Cash was in such bad shape physically and emotionally that the prison album would probably have been a disaster, ending any chance that there would ever have been a Folsom Prison album.

Touring resumed in mid-July and continued into the fall, breaking only for a couple of recording sessions until a fateful Texas swing that ended in Dallas in October. Things had improved enough that bass player Marshall Grant, who normally handled tour receipts, wasn’t on guard when Cash volunteered to take the receipts with him and deposit them in the group’s joint bank account.

After the Dallas show, Cash flew to El Paso, one of his favorite drug supply points, where he asked a cab driver to take him to Juárez and get him some pills. The driver assured him that it would be no problem, so Cash waited — feeling like an outlaw, he said — as the driver went into a Juárez bar to buy the drugs. “I slid down a little lower in the back seat each time someone looked my way,” he wrote in “Man in Black,” his 1975 autobiography. “I had never done it this way before.”

Back at his hotel, Cash popped a few pills and killed time before the evening flight to Los Angeles by searching for antique guns in some pawnshops. He was looking at a Colt .44 Army pistol, long one of his favorites, when he was approached by a man he suspected was a plainclothes policeman. Cash assumed he was curious about the gun in his hand.

“I collect antique pistols,” Cash volunteered.

“It’s a nice one,” the man replied, in what Cash described as a friendly manner.

After some more small talk, the man asked Cash what time his plane was leaving, and Cash told him.

On the way back to the hotel, he started worrying even though he had hidden all his pills in two socks, one of which he’d put inside his guitar and one in the lining of his suitcase.

By the time Cash got to his seat on the plane, he figured he was home free. Then he saw two men walking down the aisle toward him. One was the man from the pawnshop.

The man asked Cash if he had a gun, and when he nodded that he did, he was ordered off the plane. In an empty room in the terminal, the men went through his luggage and guitar case. They found the pills, but they still didn’t seem satisfied.

Finally, one asked, “Where’s the heroin?”

Cash became angry. He told them he had never taken heroin. The men explained they had assumed he was into heroin because they had seen the cab driver huddling with a known heroin dealer in the Juárez bar.

Cash was relieved, but the officers pointed out that he had still broken the law. He was taken to the county jail until a bond hearing the next day.

When Grant learned of the arrest, he hired a former El Paso County judge, Woodrow Wilson Bean, to represent Cash. Hoping to minimize publicity, Bean — whom Cash proudly pointed out was believed to be a distant relative of the legendary Judge Roy Bean — asked that newsmen be barred from the hearing, but the request was rejected.

Cash was on edge during the hearing. He cursed at a reporter and threatened to kick a photographer’s camera. In the end, he posted a $1,500 bond and was released pending arraignment.

As he headed home, Cash felt as if a mask had been ripped off, leaving him looking like a hypocrite for singing all those gospel songs and telling people they could overcome their problems. He’d been in minor scrapes with the law before, but until now, knowledge of his drug use had been limited to country music insiders. Now his fans knew the truth. Hundreds of newspapers across the country carried a photo of him being escorted out of the courthouse in handcuffs, his face grim, looking all the more sinister behind dark glasses.

This time, at least, Vivian’s wait wasn’t in vain. Cash went straight home and was contrite. Humiliated and fearing the effect of the arrest on his career, he reached out to both his wife and his parents, talking more openly than before about his addiction and vowing to turn himself around. After years of disappointment, Vivian wanted to take his pledge to straighten up as a sign that he also was going to give up June Carter and rededicate himself to his family. But it was too late.

Vivian angrily showed him the newspaper photo of him in handcuffs and his daughters told him that kids were saying bad things about him in school. For the first time in his life, he said, “I felt real shame.”

Meanwhile, Holiff was working tirelessly to persuade promoters not to give up on Cash. Most did continue to book him, but there was one highly publicized exception. Officials at Texas A&M University canceled plans for a show. “The administration didn’t feel it was wise to present an entertainer with a cloud hanging over him,” said the dean of students. “We try to provide a clean, Christian atmosphere for our students.”

But some students came to Cash’s rescue. Not only did more than 2,000 sign petitions protesting the cancellation, but a student committee worked out a deal for Cash to perform on the scheduled date at a nearby off-campus club.

When Cash returned to El Paso for the arraignment in December, he entered a no-contest plea to the charges. The next day, newspapers throughout the country carried photos of Cash walking from the courthouse, Vivian at his side. But there was no hiding the damage. Vivian told friends it was the most embarrassing moment of her life.

Leaders of the National States’ Rights Party, a white supremacist group in Alabama, seized on the photo, which, when reproduced in grainy newsprint, made Vivian look dark-skinned and possessed of facial features some considered African American. Whether outraged by the apparent miscegenation or eager to get back at him for his protest stance in the song “Ira Hayes” (Native Americans were also a target of white supremacists), the group reprinted the photo in its newspaper the Thunderbolt and undertook an aggressive campaign against Cash.

The group urged its readers to boycott Cash’s recordings and referred to Cash’s “mongrelized” children.

Fearing a backlash among fans, especially those in the South, Holiff launched a counteroffensive. He contacted Vivian’s father, Tom Liberto, asking for a copy of Vivian’s marriage certificate —which would state her race as Caucasian — and a history of her bloodlines. Liberto sent him the marriage certificate and a letter in which he detailed Vivian’s Italian, Dutch and English heritage. The material was sent to the Thunderbolt.

During this period Cash received a few death threats, and a handful of protesters showed up at some dates in the South, but there was no sign that record sales or concert attendance were suffering.

In March 1966 Cash appeared before U.S. District Judge D. W. Suttle, who gave him a 30-day suspended sentence and a $1,000 fine rather than the maximum penalty of a year in jail. Cash had pleaded for leniency: “I know that I have made a terrible mistake and would like to go back to rebuilding the image I had before this happened.”

For all his talk about wanting a divorce, Cash was torn inside. Chief among his concerns was the children.

“I knew I was going to leave Vivian, but then I’d look at those four little girls,” he recalled. “I said, ‘Man, I’m gonna give up something that’s gonna break my heart, but my heart will be broken more if I don’t marry June.’ When I was in California, my big reason for staying stoned all the time was her. I wanted to be somewhere else in my mind.”

Both married to others, Cash and Carter had a far more stormy relationship in the 1960s than his fans assumed. But they were bound by several factors. Besides a physical attraction, they shared a religious faith and the love of making music. The outgoing June also helped the shy, withdrawn Cash deal with the constant career demands.

With the marriage dissolving, however, Cash’s California dream was over. He moved on his own to Nashville, where he continued to battle drugs.

Within days of the arraignment, he was back on pills. Overdoses and near overdoses were so common that everyone in the touring party cited various times and places: Johnny Western mentioned Waterloo, June Carter named Des Moines, Grant alluded to a string of towns. In addition, there were the near-fatal drug-induced accidents, including the time Cash borrowed June’s Cadillac and crashed it into a telephone pole, breaking his nose and knocking out four upper front teeth.

To break the tension, Luther Perkins came up with a piece of advice people in Cash’s camp would repeat for years: “Let him sleep for 24 hours. If he wakes up, he’s alive, if he doesn’t, he’s dead.”

Two years later, in a different part of California, Cash would begin his march to superstardom with a triumphant concert at Folsom State Prison. By 1970, he was the biggest-selling record artist in the country. But he was fighting drugs again in the late 1970s and 1980s, and his sales sank so sharply that he was dropped by Columbia. At the start of the 1990s, Cash believed his record career was over and his musical legacy wasted.

But California was to again play a major part in his life. Cash was headlining the now-defunct Rhythm Café in Santa Ana on Feb. 27, 1993 — the day after his 61st birthday — when he was approached by Rick Rubin, a hugely successful rock and rap producer who felt Cash was still capable of great work. Three months later, they sat down in Rubin’s home above the Sunset Strip and began work on a series of albums that would contain some of the most remarkable music of Cash’s career. He would return to Los Angeles several times over the next decade to work with Rubin. The albums not only reestablished Cash’s musical legacy, but extended it.

Their collaboration was highlighted in 2002 by the music video of “Hurt,” directed by Mark Romanek, that offered a glimpse of the artist in such fragile condition that even June advised him not to release it. But Cash approved the release of the video, a final act of immense artistic courage.

This article is adapted from “Johnny Cash — The Life,” being published this month by Little, Brown. Hilburn was The Times pop music critic from 1970-2005.

What: Writers Bloc presents Robert Hilburn and Kris Kristofferson discussing the life and music of Johnny Cash

Where: Ann and Jerry Moss Theater, New Roads School, 3131 W. Olympic Blvd., Santa Monica

What: Robert Hilburn discusses “Johnny Cash — The Life” with Grammy Museum Executive Director Robert Santelli

Where: Grammy Museum, 800 W. Olympic Blvd., Los Angeles

Admission: Free, reservations required at [email protected]

When: Robert Hilburn and “Johnny Cash — The Life”

Where: Book Soup, 8818 Sunset Blvd., West Hollywood

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Assista o vídeo: Johnny Duncan - Looking For Someone Lonely (Julho 2022).


Comentários:

  1. Chapin

    Wacker, parece-me uma ideia brilhante

  2. Hnedy

    Opinião muito divertida

  3. Royns

    Ser confundido.

  4. Daniel-Sean

    Hurra, Hurra ... espere

  5. Mut

    Ideia brilhante e está devidamente

  6. Re'uven

    a resposta oportuna

  7. Mazusho

    Que boa frase



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