HMS Malaya


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HMS Malaya saindo do porto de Nova York

HMS Malaya saindo do porto de Nova York.


HMS Malaya (BB-6)

Por Stephen Sherman, junho de 2007. Atualizado em 1 de março de 2012.

H MS Malaya foi um encouraçado da classe Rainha Elizabeth da Marinha Real, lançado em março de 1915. Ele foi nomeado em homenagem aos Estados Federados da Malásia, cujo governo pagou por sua construção.

Construído por: Armstrong (Newcastle-on-Tyne)
Pedido: 1913
Data de lançamento: 20 de outubro de 1913
Lançado: 18 de março de 1915
Comissionado: 1 de fevereiro de 1916
Complemento: 1.124 a 1300 aprox.
Armamento: oito canhões de 15 polegadas, doze canhões de 6 polegadas, oito canhões A.A de 4 polegadas, dezesseis canhões AA 2-pdr e 1 aeronave.
Velocidade: 24 nós,
Deslocamento: 31.100 toneladas.

Batalha da Jutlândia 1916

Disparou 215 rodadas de 15 polegadas. Recebeu 7 tiros de 12 polegadas e sofreu 63 mortos e 68 feridos.
24 de junho de 1916 retornou à Grand Fleet após os reparos.


Reconstruído duas vezes entre as guerras. A última reconstrução viu a adição de um novo suspensor e catapulta fixa à ré do funil, dois guindastes foram fornecidos para apoiar o movimento da aeronave. Os suportes simples de 4 "AA foram substituídos por suportes duplos. Dois pom pom de 8 canos foram fornecidos e duas metralhadoras quad 0,5" foram montadas na torre X. Dois HA DCT (High Angle Director Control Tower) foram instalados para apoiar os novos canhões antiaéreos.

Após o início da guerra, um novo radar de alerta aéreo foi instalado, um radar de superfície e um radar Tipo HA (High Angle). Cerca de 20 armas Oerlikon adicionais de 20 mm foram adicionadas.

Segunda Guerra Mundial

17 de agosto de 1940 - No início da manhã, os navios de guerra britânicos HMS Warspite (Capt. D.B. Fisher), HMS Malaya (Capt. A.F.E. Palliser), HMS Ramillies (Capitão H.T. Baillie-Grohman) e outros bombardearam as posições italianas ao redor da fortaleza de Bardia.

Operação MB-6 - 8 de outubro de 1940

Um comboio britânico de quatro navios mercantes deixou Alexandria para Malta em 8 de outubro de 1940. Este comboio foi escoltado por dois cruzadores antiaéreos britânicos, três destróieres australianos HMS Stuart, e um contratorpedeiro britânico.

A cobertura foi fornecida pela Frota do Mediterrâneo (sob o comando do almirante Cunningham) com os navios de guerra britânicos HMS Warspite (Capt. D.B. Fisher), HMS Valente (Capitão H.B. Rawlings), HMS Malaya (Capt. A.F.E. Palliser), HMS Ramillies (Capitão H.T. Baillie-Grohman), o porta-aviões britânico HMS Ilustre (Capitão D.W. Boyd) e outros navios de guerra britânicos e australianos.

O comboio não foi localizado e chegou em segurança a Malta em 11 de outubro. O único dano sofrido foi ao destruidor HMS Imperial que foi extraído de Malta e ficou fora de ação por mais de 6 meses.

Durante a viagem de volta, a Frota do Mediterrâneo foi avistada por um avião italiano. A Marinha italiana tentou interceptá-los no mar Jônico. Na noite de 11/12 de outubro, os torpedeiros italianos e as flotilhas de contratorpedeiros atacaram, mas foram repelidos com pesadas perdas.

Ataque britânico em Gênova - 6 de fevereiro de 1941

A Força H (sob o vice-almirante Somerville) deixou Gibraltar em 6 de fevereiro de 1941. O cruzador de batalha HMS Renome (Capt R.R. McGrigor), encouraçado HMS Malaya (Capitão A.F.E. Palliser), porta-aviões HMS Ark Royal (Capitão C.S. Holland) e outros navios deixaram Gibraltar a oeste com o comboio HG-53. Isso foi feito para enganar os observadores alemães e italianos na Espanha. Nesse ínterim, 4 destróieres deixaram Gibraltar e seguiram em direção ao leste para realizar uma varredura anti-submarina. Durante a noite, a Força H inverteu o curso e passou por Gibraltar em um curso para oeste, de volta ao Mediterrâneo. Lá eles se juntaram aos 4 destruidores.

Em 8 de fevereiro, a frota italiana deixou o porto e rumou para o sul depois de receber relatos de porta-aviões britânicos ao sul das Baleares. Os italianos pensaram que havia outro comboio para Malta.

No início da manhã de 9 de fevereiro, Renome, Malaya e Sheffield bombardeou a cidade italiana de Gênova. No porto, 4 navios foram afundados e 18 danificados. Além disso, a própria cidade foi danificada. A frota italiana se virou e tentou interceptar os navios britânicos, mas devido ao mau tempo, isso falhou. Enquanto isso Ark RoyalA aeronave fez uma incursão em Livorno e minou o porto de La Spezia. A Força H retornou em segurança a Gibraltar em 11 de fevereiro.


20 de março de 1941

Pouco antes da meia-noite, o submarino alemão U-106 atacou um navio mercante do comboio SL-68 com dois torpedos espalhados a cerca de 250 milhas a oeste das Ilhas de Cabo Verde. Um torpedo atingiu e danificou o encouraçado britânico HMS Malaya, causando danos consideráveis. Com extensas inundações, o navio atingiu uma inclinação de 7 graus, mas chegou com segurança a Trinidad. Depois que os reparos temporários foram feitos, ela continuou para o Estaleiro da Marinha de Nova York, onde o encouraçado ficou ancorado por 4 meses. Em 9 de julho, o navio partiu para o Clyde, chegando em 28 de julho.

Em 1942, a aeronave e a catapulta foram removidas e dois suportes de canhão AA 4 "gêmeos foram adicionados à cabine de comando, mais dois pompons de 8 canos foram adicionados à superestrutura de popa, o número de canhões Oerlikon de 20 mm foi aumentado para 31. Um tipo O radar (SW) 271 foi adicionado no topo do mastro de proa. Os dois canhões de 6 polegadas foram removidos.

HMS Malaya foi retirado do serviço no final de 1944 e colocado na reserva e serviu como um navio de alojamento. Vendido em 20 de fevereiro de 1948 para a Metal Industries e chegou a Faslane em 12 de abril de 1948 para sucateamento. . Ela foi desmantelada em Faslane, na Escócia, em 12 de abril de 1948. O sino do navio pode ser visto no East India Club, em Londres.


Conteúdo

Na Primeira Guerra Mundial, ela serviu no 5º Esquadrão de Batalha da Grande Frota do Almirante Hugh Evan-Thomas. Ela participou da Batalha da Jutlândia, em 31 de maio de 1916, onde foi atingida oito vezes e sofreu grandes danos e pesadas baixas na tripulação. Um total de 65 homens morreram, na batalha ou depois de seus ferimentos. Entre os feridos estava Able Seaman Willie Vicarage, notável como um dos primeiros homens a receber reconstrução facial usando cirurgia plástica e o primeiro a receber uma reconstrução radical por meio da técnica de "pedículo tubular" desenvolvida por Sir Harold Gillies. & # 911 & # 93 O HMS é o único entre os navios da batalha Malaya voou a bandeira vermelho-branco-preto-amarelo dos Estados Federados da Malásia.


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Ianya adalah sebuah klip filem bisu yang saya editar dengan selingan muzik iaitu Lagu Kebesaran Negeri Perak iaitu 'Allah Lanjutkan Usia Sultan' yang dimainkan oleh Pancaragam Akedemi Tentera Udara Diraja da Malásia, danhansa Lagu Ia Kebanga Diraja ', danhansa Lagu Ia Diraja da Malásia'

Sejarah HMS Malaya bermula semasa berlangsungnya Mesyuarat Raja-Raja Melayu pada tahun 1912, di mana Sultão Perak iaitu Sultão Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Benda-Raja Alang Iskandar pada tahun 1912, di mana Sultão Perak iaitu Sultão Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Benda-Raja Alang Iskandar (1849-1916) Mengusular (1849-1916) Britânico NegutantuM Negutantu Mellu (EUA Fellis Negutantu) Méngusular (1849-1916). mempertingkat kelengkapan perang. Secara khusus ianya adalah suatu usul untuk membiayai kos pembinaan salah satu dari lima buah kapal perang utama kategori 'Queen Elizabeth-Class' bagi pihak britânico. Usul tersebut telah disokong oleh Sultan Selangor iaitu Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (1863-1938), dan dipersetujui oleh Yang diPertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan iaitu Iaitu Sanku Muhammad - Tuanku Muhammad ibni Almarhum Tuanku 1965 (1863-1938) Mahaud Ibault Sanku Sanku Sanku Antahult (1865) Muhammad ibni Almarhum Tuanku Sanku 1965 Tuanku Muhammad ibni Sanku Sanku Sanku Antault 1965, Tuanku Muhammad ibni Tuultu Tuanku Sanku 1865 Sanku Sanku Iault Tuult 1965, Tuanku Muhamult Iault Tuult. Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultão Ahmad al-Mu & # 8217azzam Shah (1868-1917).

Kapal perang utama tersebut mula dibina pada tahun 1913 por Whitworth & amp Company de Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Inglaterra. Menurut rekod, penduduk FMS dimaklumkan tentang status pembinaan melalui laporan akhbar yang dikeluarkan selang 3 bulan dari tahun 1913 hingga 1915. Pemilihan nama kapal perang utama tersebut juga menjadi isu perbincangan penduduk-na-mulah MALHADY ANTARAN PENDUDUK-MALHADY 12 MALANGA MALHANGAN PENDUDUKA MALAHANJALA MALANGA ANEXA MALHANGAN penduduk "," HMS Malásia "," HMS Sri Malaya "e" HMS Malaya ". Dari pandangan umum, nama "HMS Malaya" adalah nama yang paling mendapat sambutan (The Singapore Free Press And Mercantile Advertiser, 16.12.1912).

Kapal biayaan FMS tersebut dilancarkan pada 18.3.1915, dan ditauliahkan dengan nama HMS Malaya pada 1.2.1916 (Gambar 1). Ia membentuk sebahagian dari kelengkapan 5º Esquadrão de Batalha, Grande Frota yang diketuai Contra-Almirante Hugh Evan-Thomas. Dari segi kos, ianya menelan belanja sebanyak & # 1632.945.709 iaitu bersamaan 25 juta dolar selat. Jika dibanding dalam nilai semasa, ianya berjumlah & # 163305 juta atau RM1.6 bilhão. Ketika itu penyumbang terbesar kepada ekonomi FMS, yang menjadi sumber utama dana pembinaan HMS Malaya, adalah negeri Perak.

Dari segi dimensi, HMS Malaya berukuran 196,82 metros panjang dan 27,58 metros lebar e mempunyai berat 33.020 tan. Ianya dilengkapi 8 meriam 15 inci yang diletakkan de 4 landasan meriam berputar. Ia mempunyai enjin wap yang menjana 56.600 kuasa kuda dan memberi kelajuan máximo de 25 nós (46 km / h 29 mph). Ianya adalah antara kapal perang utama yang tercanggih dan terpantas ketika itu, dan boleh memuatkan 1.217 anak kapal.

Dalam klip filem simpanan Museu Imperial da Guerra (IWM) tersebut, kita dapat melihat HMS Malaya semasa ianya sedang bertugas di perairan Mar do Norte iaitu sebelum Pertempuran Jutland sekitar penghujung bulan Mei 1916. Kemung darkini besar filem terse Iiaham 5 di ambal kapkini besaral HMS Barbutal Battle Squadron. Dalam pertempuran tersebut HMS Malaya mengalami querosakan teruk akibat terkena 8 bedilan pihak Jerman, di mana 63 dari anak kapalnya telah terkorban. Serpihan peluru meriam Jerman yang menembusi HMS Malaya telah dihadiahkan kepada FMS pada tahun 1916. Lihat Gambar 4 yang menunjukkan serpihan dari bedilan pihak Jerman tersebut.


Gambar 4: Serpihan peluru 12-inci pihak Jerman yang menembusi HMS Malaya semasa Pertempuran Jutland, 31.5.1916 (Sumber: BattleshipCrusiers.co.uk)

Gambar 5: HMS Malaya sekitar pelabuhan New York setelah selesai kerja-kerja membaik-pulih, 9.7.1941.
Sumber: Museus da Guerra Imperial.

Apa yang menarik, selain dari sumbangan wang, FMS juga telah memberikan loceng-loceng kegunaan HMS Malaya. Peristiwa ini berlaku sekitar Ogos 1916 de mana beberapa buah loceng yang dibiayai dana kutipan derma de pegawai kerajaan e penduduk FMS telah dihadiahkan kepada HMS Malaya. Upacara penyerahan loceng dihadiri por Sir Woodford Ernest Birch, o almirante Sir John Jellicoe e o contra-almirante Hugh Evan-Thomas. Dari laporan akhbar 'Malaya Tribune' bertarikh 24.7.1916, logam bagi membentuk loceng dicairkan kedalam acuan pada 15.5.1916 oleh Mears & amp Stainback de Whitechapel Road, London. Loceng utama seberat 192 lbs (87,1 kg) diperbuat dari campuran tembaga (16 bahagian) dan timah (4 1/2 bahagian), manakala bahagian dalam iaitu pemukul loceng (badalo de sino) diperbuat dari besi dan mempunyai berat 8 lbs (3,6 kg). Berat keseluruhan loceng utama adalah 200 libras (90,7 kg). Menurut laporan akhbar yang sama, loceng utama tersebut tertera dengan perkataan berikut:

Melalui acuan yang disediakan, jata FMS dibentuk di bahagian belakang loceng dengan slogan dalam tulisan Jawi iaitu 'Di Pelihara Allah'. Di bawahnya pula tertera slogan yang digubah Sir Frank Swettenham seperti berikut: -

Di bahagian belakangnya tertera slogan yang digubah Sir Frank Swettenham iaitu "Bunyi Genta Kapal Ini Besarkan Hati Orang Berani" bersama terjemahan di dalam Bahasa Inggeris iaitu "O som do sino deste navio acende os corações de homens valentes".

Setelah tamat Perang Dunia Kedua, salah sebuah dari loceng HMS Malaya telah dipulangkan oleh britânico ke Tanah Melayu (Gambar 6). Dari inskripsi yang tertera, saya berpendapat ia mungkin salah satu dari loceng kecil yang bersalut perak dan bukannya loceng utama HMS Malaya.

Gambar 6: Salah satu dari 5 loceng HMS Malaya yang dihadiahkan oleh pegawai & amp penduduk FMS (Sumber: NST Press)

Menurut rekod upacara yang diadakan pada 12.9.1947, sekolah menengah Victoria Institution telah dipilih untuk menerima loceng HMS Malaya tersebut. Ianya kemudian dipindahkan ke Pusat Hidrografi Nasional de Pulau Indah no mês de Ogos 2007 para disatukan dengan bendera FMS asal yang dikibarkan de atas HMS Malaya. Bendera asal HMS Malaya tersebut telah dijumpai oleh Sultan Selangor, iaitu Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, semasa ekspedisi pelayaran solo baginda mengelilingi dunia.

Walaupun bernama Malaya, hanya sekali sahaja kapal ini tiba di Tanah Melayu iaitu pada tahun 1921. Ini berlaku semasa ia membawa rombongan Duque de Connaught untuk melawat jajahan takluk dan sekuti iaitu pada tahun 1921. Ini berlaku semasa ia membawa rombongan Duque de Connaught untuk melawat jajahan takluk dan sekuti singu bernama iaitu pada tahun 1921. Ini berlaku semasa ia membawa rombongan Duque de Connaught untuk melawat jajahan takluk dan sekuti singulaku semasa ia membawa rombongan 17.2.1921. Pelabuhan-pelabuhan yang dilawati adalah Port Swettenham, Singapura, Melaka, Port Dickson e Pulau Pinang. Walaupun singkat, lawatan HMS Malaya ke FMS dan Negeri-Negeri Selat tersebut menjadi pemangkin kepada dua acara perlawanan sukan tahunan yang masih berterusan sehingga kini iaitu dalam acara bolasepak dan ragbi. Piala "HMS Malaya Cup" bagi sukan bolasepak yang bermula pada tahun 1921 kini dikenali sebagai Malaysia Cup atau Piala Malaysia. Manakala piala acara sukan ragbi masih dikenali dengan nama "HMS Malaya Cup".


HMS MALAYA

Um dos quatro rainha Elizabeth navios de guerra de classe em Jutland servindo sob o comando do vice-almirante Sir David Beatty, o Malaya foi fortemente danificado na batalha, mas «deu o melhor que conseguiu».

Silhuetas dos cinco poderosos de 15 polegadas disparados rainha Elizabeth navios de guerra de classe, quatro dos quais lutaram na Jutlândia (coleção particular)

A lápide comemorativa para MalayaCaído em Jutland, no cemitério naval de Lyness (coleção particular)

Nem todos os mortos da Malásia foram enterrados em terra. Na verdade, uma das fotos mais comoventes que tenho da Jutlândia é o enterro no mar da Malásia depois que um sinal foi enviado a Jellicoe, reconhecido e concordado:

“5th Battle Sqn to Jellicoe - Permissão para Barham & amp Malaya comprometer alguns KIA para as profundezas. Resposta: aprovado ”.


HMS Malaya - História

HISTÓRIAS DE SERVIÇO DE GUERRAS DA MARINHA REAL na 2ª GUERRA MUNDIAL
pelo Tenente Cdr Geoffrey B Mason RN (Rtd) (c) 2003

HMS MALAYA - Battleship 15in classe Rainha Elizabeth
incluindo movimentos de escolta de comboio

Editado por Gordon Smith, material adicional Naval-History.Net e edição de amplificador por Mike Simmonds

O encouraçado da classe RAINHA ELIZABETH encomendado de Armstrongs em 1913 e encerrado em 20 de outubro daquele ano. O custo deste navio, estimado em £ 2.945.709, foi coberto pelos Estados Federados da Malásia. O navio foi lançado em 18 de março de 1915 como o primeiro navio RN a levar o nome e sua construção foi concluída em 1º de fevereiro de 1916. Durante a 1ª Guerra Mundial, ela participou da Batalha da Jutlândia em 31 de maio de 1916.

B a t t l e H o n o u r s

JUTLAND 1916 - ATLANTIC 1940-41 - CALABRIA 1940 - MEDITERRANEAN 1940-41 - MALTA CONVOYS 1941-42 - CANAL INGLÊS 1944.

Distintivo: Em um Field Red, um Tiger Passant Gold segurando um Malay Kris propriamente dito.

Malem Fero Malis: 'Eu trago mal para o mal.'

D e t a i l s o f W a r S e r v i c a

Setembro Implantado com a Frota do Mediterrâneo em Alexandria como parte do 1º Esquadrão de Batalha com

HM Battleships WARSPITE e BARHAM.

11º Partiu de Alexandria para realizar exercícios de artilharia em companhia dos navios de guerra HM

WARSPITE e BARHAM, HM Cruisers DEVONSHIRE, SUSSEX, ARETHUSA e

PENELOPE e HM Destroyers AFRIDI, GURKHA, MOHAWK e SIKH. À noite

MALAYA e PENELOPE voltaram para Alexandria.

Indicado para transferência para o Oceano Índico com HM Aircraft Carrier GLORIOUS para

defesa de comboios e interceptação de invasores.

9º Partiu de Alexandria para realizar exercícios em companhia do HM Battleships WARSPITE

e BARHAM, HM Aircraft Carrier GLORIOUS, HM Cruiser PENELOPE e HM

Destroyers BULLDOG, DAINTY, DARING, DUNCAN, GALLANT, GIPSY e

GRAFTON. No final dos exercícios MALAYA, GLORIOUS, BULLDOG e DARING

Realizou varreduras anti-raider de Aden.

Novembro Continuação das patrulhas anti-raider, especialmente para o Panzerschiff alemão ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE desligado

10º Navegou de Aden com GLORIOUS e BULLDOG para realizar patrulha anti-raider no Golfo

16º Embarcado no mar pelo HM Battleship RAMILLIES e HM Destroyer DELIGHT.

18º Em Aden com RAMILLIES, GLORIOUS, BULLDOG, DARING e DELIGHT, onde estavam

(Nota: Em 15/11/39 o ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE havia afundado o comerciante britânico SS Africa

Shell off Lorenco Marques e em 16/11/39 oeste de Durban ela parou o comerciante holandês

MV Mapia. Quando as Índias Orientais CinC receberam esta notícia, ele imediatamente formou a caça

grupos para procurar o invasor no Oceano Índico, sendo a Força J um deles. No entanto seguindo

a interceptação do Mapia, GRAF SPEE voltou para o Atlântico)

A Força J continuou com as patrulhas anti-invasores no Golfo de Aden.

Dezembro Nomeado para serviço no Atlântico.

8º Partiu de Aden escoltado por HM Destroyers HMAS VENDETTA e WATERHEN.

21º Velejou de Malta escoltado por HM Destroyers DELIGHT, DIANA e WATCHMAN.

24º Chegou a Gibraltar, onde reabasteceu. Partiu mais tarde no mesmo dia para Halifax escoltado por

O 26º WATCHMAN destacou-se e voltou para Gibraltar.

Desdobrado para defesa do comboio no Atlântico.

14º Partiu de Halifax e juntou-se à HM Destroyers HMCS OTTAWA e SAGUENAY

15º HMCS OTTAWA e SAGUENAY destacados do comboio HX 16 e MALAYA permaneceram

23º Separado do comboio HX 16

30º Partiu de Halifax em companhia do HM Battleship VALIANT, HM Cruiser

ENTERPRISE, HM Destroyers HUNTER, HMCS FRASER, OTTAWA, RESTIGOUCHE

e ST LAURENT escoltando o comboio de tropas canadenses TC3 trazendo tropas canadenses para

o Reino Unido. (Nota: O comboio era composto pelos navios AQUITANIA, IMPRESSA DA GRÃ-BRETANHA,

Polonês CHOBRY, MONARCH OF BERMUDA e EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA.)

1º HUNTER, HMCS FRASER, OTTAWA, RESTIGOUCHE e ST LAURENT separados

4ª EMPRESA destacada do comboio TC3.

5º Às 08h25, 650 milhas a oeste de Malin Head HM Destroyers DARING, DIANA, FAME,

FAULKNOR, FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, PREVISÃO, FORTUNE, FOXHOUND, FURY,

KELVIN, KINGSTON juntaram-se ao comboio TC3.

7º Chegou em Clyde com TC3 e desanexou

27º Partiu do Clyde com barras de ouro embarcadas para transferência para o Canadá em companhia de

Armed Merchant Cruiser ASCANIA escoltado por HM Destroyers FAME, FAULKNOR,

4º Chegou a Halifax. Na chegada, desdobrado com Halifax Escort Force para o comboio do Atlântico

10º Partiu de Halifax e juntou-se à HM Destroyers, HMCS SAGUENAY e SKEENA

11º SAGUENAY e SKEENA destacados do comboio HX 26 e MALAYA permaneceram

22º Separado de HX 26 e retornado a Halifax.

Indicado para transferência para o Mediterrâneo

3º Partiu de Halifax escoltado pelo HM Destroyer HMCS ST LAURENT. Às 1800 horas levou

sobre escolta de comboio HX 32 de HM Destroyers HMCS RESTIGOUCHE e

SAGUENAY. RESTIGOUCHE, SAGUENAY e ST LAURENT se separaram de HX 32.

14º Separado de HX 32 para Gibraltar.

19º Chegou a Gibraltar.

Dia 28 Às 16h, partiu de Gibraltar para Alexandria em companhia do HM Battleship ROYAL

SOVEREIGN escoltado por HM Destroyers VELOX, WATCHMAN e HMAS VENDETTA e

Dia 29 ao largo de Argel, eles se juntaram a um grupo de batalha francês de 3 navios de guerra, 4 cruzadores e 3

30º Off Bizerte, HM Destroyers HMAS STUART e VAMPIRE juntaram-se. Mais tarde, no Canal da Sicília HM

Cruiser ORION e HM Destroyers DECOY e DEFENDER juntaram-se.

1st Off Malta VELOX e WATCHMAN destacados.

3º Às 18h20, chegou a Alexandria.

Implantado com HM Battleship ROYAL SOVEREIGN para fornecer cobertura para a passagem de

comboios no leste do Mediterrâneo.

Entrou para o 1º Esquadrão de Batalha e foi implantado com a Frota para defesa e ofensiva de comboios

operações contra navios inimigos no Mediterrâneo oriental.

(Nota: Durante este período, exercícios extensivos foram realizados por unidades da Frota do Mediterrâneo

em antecipação ao início das hostilidades com a Itália. A Itália declarou guerra às 0001 horas em

12º Às 02h30 partiu de Alexandria em companhia do HM Battleship WARSPITE, HM Aircraft Carrier

EAGLE exibido por HM Destroyers DAINTY, HASTY, ILEX, JANUS, JUNO, NUBIAN e HMAS

STUART, VAMPIRE e VOYAGER para realizar uma varredura para o oeste ao longo da costa africana.

Às 08h40, o HM Cruiser CALEDON juntou-se à frota no mar.

Às 13h25, o HM Cruiser CALYPSO juntou-se à frota no mar e o HM Destroyer MOHAWK juntou-se mais tarde.

Às 1840 horas, HM Destroyers HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, HYPERION e IMPERIAL

Às 1953 horas, HMAS STUART, VAMPIRE e VOYAGER destacaram-se da frota. Mais tarde HM

O Destruidor DIAMOND juntou-se à frota.

14º Retornou a Alexandria.

4º Participou de negociações com a Frota Francesa após a capitulação da França.

(Operação CATAPULT - Veja INIMIGOS RELUTANTES de W Tute).

7º Às 2330 horas partiu de Alexandria na companhia do HM Battleship ROYAL SOVEREIGN, HM

Porta-aviões EAGLE examinado por HM Destroyers DAINTY, DEFENDER, HASTY, HYPERION, ILEX,

JANUS, JUNO e HMAS VAMPIRE e VOYAGER como Força C para fornecer cobertura para o trânsito de dois

comboios (MF1 / fast 13 knot e MS1 / slow 9 knot) de Malta (Operação MA5)

(Nota: Esta foi uma repetição da Operação MA3 que foi cancelada em 28 de junho devido ao envolvimento com

Destruidores italianos. Veja as referências a seguir.)

8º Durante o dia, a frota esteve sob ataques aéreos de um total de 126 bombardeiros de alto nível. Em um ataque de fogo

cabos de controle foram danificados por quase acidentes e reparados.

Às 16h, o cruzador GLOUCESTER foi atingido diretamente em sua ponte.

Às 15h15, um Sunderland relatou uma frota italiana de 2 navios de guerra, 6 cruzadores e 7 destróieres, 100

milhas a noroeste de Benghazi, navegando para o norte. Após a recepção do relatório, a Frota do Mediterrâneo alterou

curso na tentativa de isolar os italianos de sua base em Taranto.

9º Às 15h15 de Punta Stilo, as duas frotas se avistaram. EAGLE, coberto por GLOUCESTER,

foi desmontado e os navios de guerra com suas telas de destruidor trabalharam a toda velocidade para engajar o

Frota italiana. Às 1552 horas 30 milhas a oeste de Punta Stilo WARSPITE e do navio de guerra italiano GIULIO

O CESARE abriu fogo um contra o outro e assim começou a Batalha da Calábria. Duas vezes durante a ação,

WARSPITE mudou o curso para permitir que o mais lento MALAYA o alcançasse. Às 1554 horas MALAYA

abriu fogo, mas seus disparos faltaram 2.700 jardas e ela cessou o fogo às 1558 horas. Os navios inimigos

retirou-se rapidamente após a breve troca de tiros.

(Nota: as naves inimigas não puderam ser fechadas devido à falta de velocidade.)

(Para obter detalhes sobre as operações durante 1940-43, consulte ENGATE MAIS NO INIMIGO

CLOSELY by C. Barnett, A BATALHA PELO MEDITERRÂNEO por D. MacIntyre

A GUERRA NAVAL NO MEDITERRÂNEO de J Greene e A Massignani e o

História do Estado-Maior Naval (HMSO-2001)

(Em seu relatório após a batalha, o almirante Cunningham da Frota do Mediterrâneo CinC escreveu que, tendo visto

as deficiências de MALAYA e ROYAL SOVEREIGN em termos de velocidade e armamento principal

intervalo, ele não acreditava que pudesse cumprir seu objetivo estratégico de lidar de forma decisiva com

a Frota Italiana sem reforço por navios de guerra modernizados)

Dia 10 Às 8h30, EAGLE voou de uma força de ataque contra a navegação em Augusta Roads.

Às 2030 horas de Malta, a ROYAL SOVEREIGN e os contratorpedeiros se destacaram para reabastecer em

Malta. MALAYA, EAGLE e os destróieres acompanhantes seguiram para o sul de Malta para aguardar

11ª Às 1000 horas, a ROYAL SOVEREIGN e os contratorpedeiros aderiram novamente, após o que o

Força combinada consistindo em MALAYA, ROYAL SOVEREIGN, EAGLE, GLOUCESTER, DAINTY,

DEFENDER, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, HYPERION e ILEX definem curso para Alexandria

cobrindo o comboio MS1 (MS1 partiu de Malta no início de 07/10/40)

Dia 15 Às 09:00 horas, chegada a Alexandria.

19 às 12h30, partiu de Alexandria em companhia do HM Battleship RAMILLIES com EAGLE e

escolta destruidores. Sua missão era varrer para o oeste ao longo da costa em busca dos danificados

Cruzador italiano GIOVANNI DELLE BANDE NERE (danificado no início do dia em um noivado com

HMAS SYDNEY ao largo de Cape Spada) e que se acredita estar a caminho de Tobruk.

20º ao largo de Tobruk, EAGLE lançou um ataque aéreo que não conseguiu localizar o cruzador, mas que afundou dois italianos

21º Chegou de volta a Alexandria.

27º 0300 horas partiu de Alexandria na companhia dos HM Battleships WARSPITE e RAMILLIES, HM

Porta-aviões EAGLE escoltado por HM Destroyers DECOY, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX,

IMPERIAL, JERVIS, JUNO, NUBIAN e MOHAWK para cobrir a passagem do comboio AS2 / 1. Sul do

A frota de Creta foi acompanhada por HM Cruisers NEPTUNE e HMAS SYDNEY.

28º A frota se divide. Ao sul do comboio do estreito de Kithera AS2 / 1 escoltado por HM Cruisers CAPETOWN

e LIVERPOOL e HM Destroyers DAINTY, DEFENDER, DIAMOND e HMAS STUART foram

recebido pela Força de cobertura de MALAYA, RAMILLIES, EAGLE, HEREWARD, HERO, JERVIS, JUNO,

30º Chegou de volta a Alexandria.

31ª viagem de 1420 horas de Alexandria na companhia do HM Battleship RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carrier

EAGLE escoltada por Destroyers HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, ILEX, IMPERIAL, JERVIS

e HMAS VENDETTA para realização de prática de artilharia. Em seguida, eles foram designados Força B

para a Operação PRESSA e deveriam navegar para oeste em direção à Ilha Gavdo. No entanto, quando MALAYA

desenvolveu problemas com água salgada em seus condensadores, toda a Força B voltou para Alexandria.

2º Chegou de volta a Alexandria.

16º dia: 1030 horas partiu de Alexandria na companhia do HM Battleships WARSPITE e RAMILLIES, HM

Cruiser KENT, escoltado por Destroyers DIAMOND, HEREWARD, HOSTILE, MOWARK, NUBIAN

e HMAS STUART, VENDETTA e WATERHEN e prosseguiu para oeste na Operação MB2.

Depois de navegar, a frota foi organizada em duas forças. Força B composta por MALAYA, RAMILLIES,

HEREWARD, HERO, JUNO, STUART, VENDETTA e WATERHEN.

17 Entre 0658 e 0720 horas a frota bombardeou Bardia e Forte Capuzzo (Operação MB2).

(Nota: 62 rodadas de 15in e 104 rodadas de 6in foram disparadas.)

18º Sob ataques aéreos ineficazes por Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79 s, 12 dos quais a frota abatida, durante

passagem de volta para Alexandria.

30º Às 04h45, partiu de Alexandria na companhia do HM Battleship WARSPITE, HM Aircraft Carrier

EAGLE, HM Cruisers ORION e HMAS SYDNEY escoltados por HM Destroyers DECOY, DEFENDER,

HEREWARD, IMPERIAL, HMAS STUART, VAMPIRE, VENDETTA and VOYAGER e Polish ORP

GARLAND na Operação HATS / MB3. A Frota navegou em direção ao Golfo de Taranto. (O objetivo de

A Operação HATS era para cobrir a passagem de reforços para a Frota do Mediterrâneo e comboio

MF2 para Malta. O comboio MF2 foi fracamente escoltado por 4 destróieres para servir de isca e convidar a um ataque de

31º No início da manhã, a frota foi acompanhada por HM Cruisers KENT, GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL e

HM Destroyers HASTY, HYPERION e ILEX, retornando de uma varredura do sul do Mar Egeu. Sobre

alcançando um ponto a aproximadamente 100 milhas a oeste do Cabo Matapan, a Frota virou para o sul.

Às 1554 horas, KENT, GLOUCESTER e LIVERPOOL separaram-se da Frota para se juntar ao comboio MF2.

Às 17 horas, quando a Frota do Mediterrâneo estava a cerca de 150 milhas a oeste de Creta, a Frota Italiana

(4 navios de guerra, 14 cruzadores e 39 contratorpedeiros que navegaram de Taranto em 0600/31/8/40) foi

apenas 120 milhas a noroeste de sua posição, tornando muito provável uma ação da Frota. No entanto, nesse ponto,

O alto comando italiano, que sabia da existência do comboio, mas não da presença da Frota do Mediterrâneo,

ordenou que a frota italiana retornasse à base.

Às 1815 horas, a Frota virou para oeste em direção a Malta e DECOY foi destacada para se juntar

1º Às 09:00 horas a oeste de Malta, a Frota do Mediterrâneo R / Ved com a Força F de Gibraltar, e virou

com a Força F em direção a Malta.

Às 1657 horas a leste de Malta, a frota foi dividida para a Operação MB3 (uma operação para atacar os italianos

instalações no sul do Dodecaneso). Força E composta por MALAYA, EAGLE, COVENTRY,

DAINTY, DIAMOND, JANUS, JUNO, VAMPIRE e VENDETTA.

3º Oeste de Creta, a Frota novamente se dividiu e MALAYA, EAGLE, DAINTY, DIAMOND,

VAMPIRE, VENDETTA e WRYNECK seguiram direto para Alexandria.

4º Às 21 horas, cheguei a Alexandria.

8º Partiu de Alexandria na companhia de HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, HMS EAGLE, HMS RAMILLIES, HMS

VALIANT, HMS WARSPITE, HM Cruisers AJAX, GLOUCESTER, ORION, YORK, HMAS SYDNEY

rastreado por HM Destroyers HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX, IMPERIAL,

JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO e NUBIAN fornecerão cobertura distante para a passagem do comboio de Malta MF3 de

Egito e comboio ME4 de Malta, e comboio AS4 da Grécia e um ataque aéreo a Leros

9º Às 0254 horas, a frota foi acompanhada no mar pelo HM Cruiser LIVERPOOL e pelo HM Destroyer DIAMOND.

10º Às 17h15 RAMILLIES, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX e NUBIAN destacados

da Frota para reabastecer em Malta. Em intervalos ao longo do dia e durante o dia 11, várias unidades do

Frota destacada para reabastecimento em Malta.

11º Às 1105 horas IMPERIAL estava minado e seriamente danificado. Ela foi rebocada para Malta pela DECOY.

Às 16 horas o comboio MF3 chegou a Malta na companhia de ORION, STUART e VENDETTA. No

desta vez, o corpo principal da Frota do Mediterrâneo estava 100 milhas a sudeste de Malta, onde estava

avistado e relatado por um avião civil italiano.

Às 22h45, o comboio ME4, que incluía HM River Gunboat APHIS, partiu de Malta escoltado por

HM Cruisers CALCUTTA e COVENTRY e HM Destroyers WRYNECK e HMAS WATERHEN.

Tarde da noite, após o retorno de todas as unidades reabastecidas, a Frota se voltou para Alexandria.

(Nordeste de Malta, e posicionado em antecipação de que um comboio partiria de Malta havia 4

Destroyers italianos, 3 torpedeiros e 4 barcos MAS)

12º Durante a passagem de retorno para Alexandria, às 0200 horas, a frota estava 125 milhas a oeste de Malta, e cerca de

70 milhas ao norte do comboio. Os três torpedeiros italianos lançaram torpedos contra AJAX, o

Unidade mais ao norte da Frota, todas erradas. AJAX, após confusão inicial, abriu fogo às 4000

jardas, afundando ARIEL e ARIONE. Em troca, AJAX recebeu 3 acessos de AIRONE. (AJAX era

equipado com radar tipo 279, que era um conjunto de busca aérea de longo alcance e de pouca utilidade em uma superfície

noivado). Imediatamente, os 4 contratorpedeiros italianos vieram em socorro dos torpedeiros e às 02h30.

Horas ARTIGLIERE lançou um ataque de torpedo que AJAX evitou. AJAX conseguiu danificar

AVIERE e danificar gravemente ARTIGLIERE. Em troca, ARTIGLIERE acertou AJAX 4 vezes, colocando-a

radar fora de ação e danificando uma montagem dupla de 4 polegadas. No momento do segundo noivado, a lua

had set and the lack of flashless powder caused problems for AJAX s gunners. At 0235 hours when

the Italian destroyers withdrew behind a smoke screen AJAX broke off the action since Capt.

McCarthy believed that he had been in action against 4 destroyers and 2 cruisers.

(This action is known by the Italians as the Battle of Cape Passero)

The gunfire drew other cruisers of the Mediterranean Fleet to the scene, but they arrived too late to

13th At dawn ,the damaged ARTIGLIERE under tow by the destroyer CAMICIA NERE, was sighted 107

miles west of Malta by a Sunderland. The sighting report resulted in an air strike by Swordfish

from ILLUSTRIOUS, without result. YORK, AJAX and 4 destroyers were despatched from the fleet

and arrived at the position at 0900 hours. CAMICIA NERE slipped the tow and made off, and YORK

At 1100 hours south east of Gavdos Island convoy ME4 was joined by convoy AS4 that had

In the evening the Fleet divided and ILLUSTRIOUS, GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL, HAVOCK,

HEREWARD, HERO and NUBIAN headed into the Aegean .

14th Early in the morning Swordfish from ILLUSTRIOUS carried out an air strike on the airfield on the Island

At 0840 hours the ILLUSTRIOUS Force rejoined the main body of the Fleet and the combined Fleet

set course for Alexandria.

In the evening the Fleet came under air attack and at 1845 hours 70 miles SE of Crete, LIVERPOOL

sustained an aerial torpedo hit in the starboard bow, delivered by an Italian torpedo aircraft. At 1920

hours the petrol storage compartment exploded, blowing the roof off A turret the port gun fell into

the sea and a fire was started. DECOY and HEREWARD stood by.

At 2230 hours ORION took her in tow backwards at 9.5 knots towards Alexandria escorted by

DAINTY, DECOY, DIAMOND and VAMPIRE.

15th At 0100 hours the Mediterranean Fleet arrived back at Alexandria.

25th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE, HM Cruiser COVENTRY , escorted

by HM Destroyers JANUS, MOHAWK, WRYNECK and HMAS VAMPIRE and VOYAGER on

Operation MAQ2 (covering a Port Said to Piraeus convoy AN5 and carry out an

air attack on Rhodes in the Dodecanese)

26th The Fleet sailed to the southern end of the Kasos Strait.

27th Swordfish from EAGLE carried out an air strike on the airfield at Maritza on the Island of Rhodes.

28th Arrived back at Alexandria.

29th At 0130 hours sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleships WARSPITE, VALIANT and

RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carriers ILLUSTRIOUS and EAGLE escorted by destroyers DAINTY,

DECOY, DEFENDER, DIAMOND, HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX,

JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO, MOHAWK and NUBIAN. The Fleet sailed for the west of Crete on Operation

CHURCH. (Following Italy s attack on Greece on 28/10/40 the Greek Government invited Britain to set

up a base at Suda Bay on the north coast of Crete. Operation CHURCH was the operation

covering the military convoys carrying personnel and stores to Suda Bay)

Late in the evening south of Crete HM Cruisers YORK , GLOUCESTER, ORION and HMAS SYDNEY

30th The Fleet continued to sail north west and at 2000 hours, was 126 miles west of Cape Matapan.

31st At 1630 hours 75 miles west south west of Cape Matapan WARSPITE, ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK ,

GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, ILEX and JERVIS detached from the Fleet and

proceeded towards Alexandria. The rest of the Fleet remained cruising to the west of Crete .

2nd Arrived back at Alexandria.

6th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleships WARSPITE ,VALIANT and RAMILLIES,

HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, HM Cruisers YORK and GLOUCESTER, destroyers DECOY, DEFENDER,

HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX, JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO and MOHAWK

on Operation MB8 and Operation COAT. Later joined by HM Cruisers AJAX and HMAS SYDNEY

(Operation MB8 was to provide cover for the passage of Convoy MW3 [sailed from Alexandria on

5/11/40] to Malta and Convoy AN6 [from Port Said on 4/11/40] to the Aegean. Operation Coat was

the passage of reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet).

7th Covered the passage of convoy AN6 and MW3. The two convoys proceeded together from

off Alexandria towards west Crete. (Operation MB8).

9th In the evening RAMILLIES, HAVOCK, HYPERION and ILEX detached for Malta to refuel.

10th The Mediterranean Fleet cruised to the south east of Malta.

At 1015 hours Force F, comprising HM Battleship BARHAM, HM Cruisers BERWICK and GLASGOW

and HM Destroyers GALLANT, GREYHOUND and GRIFFIN , and preceeded by HM Destroyers

FAULKNOR, FORTUNE and FURY acting as minesweepers, R/Ved with the Mediterranean Fleet.

Force F (The reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet, Operation COAT) entered Valletta harbour to

disembark their troops and supplies and the 3 F-class destroyers to refuel.

At 1330 hours convoy ME3, which included HM Monitor TERROR, sailed from Malta, escorted by

RAMILLIES, COVENTRY, DECOY, DEFENDER and HMAS VENDETTA.

After disembarking their troops and supplies BARHAM, BERWICK, GLASGOW, GALLANT,

GREYHOUND and GRIFFIN sailed from Malta and joined the Mediterranean Fleet sailing east.

11th Covered passage of convoy ME3 from Malta to Alexandria.

At 1310 hours AJAX, ORION, HMAS SYDNEY, MOHAWK and NUBIAN detached from the Fleet to

carry out a raid on Italian military convoys in the southern Adriatic.

At 1800 hours ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK , BERWICK, GLASGOW, GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HAVOCK,

HYPERION and ILEX detached from the Fleet to carry out Operation JUDGEMENT.

(Note: The successful air attack on Taranto (Operation JUDGEMENT) by aircraft from HMS

ILLUSTRIOUS during the night of 11/12th November was also covered as part of Operation COAT).

12th At dawn ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK, BERWICK, GLASGOW, GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HAVOCK,

HYPERION and ILEX rejoined the Fleet.

13th The Fleet and convoy ME3 arrived at Alexandria.

(Following the success of Operation JUDGEMENT it was decided RAMILLIES and MALAYA could

be released from the Mediterranean Fleet)

23rd Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleship RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE, HM

Cruisers AJAX, ORION and HMAS SYDNEY escorted by HM Destroyers DAINTY, DIAMOND,

HASTY, HAVOCK, HYPERION and ILEX, designated as Force C for Operation MB9 and Operation

(Operation MB9 was an operation to provide Fleet cover for Malta convoy MW4. Operation COLLAR

covered the passage of RAMILLIES, BERWICK and NEWCASTLE through the Mediterranean to

24th At 0800 hours Force C arrived at Suda Bay to refuel.

After refuelling, Force C sailed from Suda Bay. Off Suda Bay HM Cruiser BERWICK joined Force C,

which then sailed westward towards Malta .

26th At 0813 hours convoy MW4 arrived at Malta accompanied by MALAYA and RAMILLIES to refuel.

At 1200 hours MALAYA sailed from Malta to rejoin Force C.

30th Returned to Alexandria with HMS WARSPITE and HMS VALIANT covering passage

of newly joined cruisers HMS MANCHESTER, HMS SOUTHAMPTON and HM

Corvettes PEONY, SALVIA, GLOXINIA and HYACINTH.

16th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Destroyers DEFENDER and DIAMOND escorting Malta

supply convoy MW5A (Operation MC2).

20th At 0400 hours arrived at Malta in company with destroyers DEFENDER, DIAMOND, NUBIAN and

WRYNECK with mercantiles of MW5A.

21st At 1250 hours sailed from Malta screened by HM Destroyers HEREWARD, HYPERION and ILEX and

escorting convoy MG1 formed of SS CLAN FORBES and SS CLAN FRASER. They were joined by

HASTY and HERO. The force headed for the Sicilian Narrows, to R/V with Force H. The transfer of

MALAYA to Force H formed part of Operation HIDE.

22nd At 0156 hours 24 miles west of Cape Bon, HYPERION was torpedoed and seriously damaged by

Italian submarine SERPENTE. HMS ILEX was detached to assist HYPERION.

At 0940 hours joined ships of Force H (HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN,

HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD) for passage to Gibraltar with mercantiles of convoy MG1.

24th At 1000 hours arrived at Gibraltar for loan service in Force H.

7th At 0800 hours sailed from Gibraltar in company with HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier

ARK ROYAL and HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD screened by HM Destroyers FAULKNOR, FIREDRAKE,

FORESTER, FORTUNE, FOXHOUND, FURY and JAGUAR as Force H to cover the passage of

convoys to Malta and Piraeus, and transit of HM Cruiser BONAVENTURE with four Fleet destroyers,

DUNCAN, HASTY, HEREWARD and HERO, reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet at Alexandria

9th At 0930 hours HM Cruisers GLOUCESTER and SOUTHAMPTON and HM Destroyer ILEX joined from

the east to augment the convoy s close escort through the Skerki Channel and on to Malta.

At 1320 hours the Force came under high level attack by 10 Italian SM 79 aircraft, 8 aircraft attacked

MALAYA, all their bombs falling just ahead and causing no damage. Two of the attackers were shot

down by FAA Fulmars from ARK ROYAL.

At 2200 hours Force H reversed course and set course for Gibraltar .

11th At 1930 hours Force H arrived back at Gibraltar.

14th Dry-docked in No. 1 dock.

31st At 1300 hours Force H sailed from Gibraltar on Operations PICKET (air attack on Lake Omodeo Dam,

central Sardinia) and RESULT (the bombardment of Genoa). The Force was divided into 4 groups:

Group 1: HM Battleship MALAYA, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL

Group 2: HM Destroyers FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, FORESIGHT, FOXHOUND, FURY and JERSEY.

Group 3: HM Destroyers DUNCAN, ENCOUNTER, ISIS and JUPITER.

Group 4: RFA ORANGELEAF escorted by HM Trawlers ARTIC RANGER and HAARLEM.

2nd At 0530 hours, 8 torpedo armed Swordfish took off from HMS ARK ROYAL to carry out an air strike

against the Santa Chiara d Ula dam on Lake Omodeo, central Sardinia (Operation PICKET). Due to the

bad weather only 4 aircraft reached the dam where they met an intense barrage. One aircraft was

(Note: Intended bombardment of Genoa (Operation RESULT) was cancelled due to bad weather.)

4th En route to Gibraltar all ships carried out a practice shoot. At 1800 hours Force H arrived back at

6th At 1615 hours Force H sailed from Gibraltar on Operation RESULT (The bombardment of Genoa ). o

Force was divided into three groups:

Group 1: HM Battleship MALAYA, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL

Group 2: HM Destroyers FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, FORESIGHT, FOXHOUND, FURY and JERSEY.

Group 3: HM Destroyers DUNCAN, ENCOUNTER, ISIS and JUPITER.

9th At 0400 hours Ark Royal and 4 destroyers detached to carry out an air strike against the Azienda oil

Between 0715 and 0745 hours, 10 miles off the Italian coast, carried out bombardment of Genoa with

RENOWN and SHEFFIELD. The two Walrus aircraft from SHEFFIELD carried out fall of shot

observações. The three ships fired 273 rounds of 15in, 782 rounds of 6in and 400 rounds of 4.5in. o

result was 28 civil vessels sunk or damaged and harbour installations destroyed and damaged.

At 0845 hours the ARK ROYAL Force rejoined and Force H made at best speed, which at one point

was only 17 knots, the best MALAYA could make, for Gibraltar.

11th At 1430 hours Force H arrived back at Gibraltar.

On return to Gibraltar nominated for deployment in Atlantic to cover UK - Gibraltar convoys.

17th Sailed from Gibraltar to R/V with convoy WS6A.

19th Off the Azores joined military convoy WS6A as Ocean Escort, following which Force H detached and

28th At 0800 hours convoy WS6A was joined by HM Destroyers FAULKNOR and FORESTER.

At 1815 hours in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER detached from WS6A, proceeded ahead

1st At 1600 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, arrived at Freetown. They immediately

At 1705 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, sailed from Freetown to catch up

3rd At 1500 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, joined AMC CILICIA, HM Corvette

ASPHODEL and HM Trawlers KELT, SPANIARD and TURCOMAN escorting convoy SL67.

4th KELT, SPANIARD and TURCOMAN detached from SL67.

7th German battlecruisers SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU found convoy SL67, but on finding

MALAYA was part of the escort, they hauled off and made a R/V with U.124.

(Note: none of the escorts of SL67 observed the German ships)

At the meeting between the battlecruisers and U.124 a plan was drawn up for U.124 and U.105 to

attack SL67 and try to sink or damage MALAYA .

During the afternoon MALAYA refuelled FAULKNOR, FORESTER and ASPHODEL.

8th Between 0251 and 0256 hours, 5 merchants in the convoy were torpedoed and sunk by U.105 and

At 1330 hours 130 miles off Cape Blanco FORESTER, which was well to the west of the convoy, briefly

sighted SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU steaming towards the convoy. The German ships were also

sighted at the same time by MALAYA S patrolling Swordfish. Following the sightings MALAYA and

FAULKNOR hauled out of the convoy to join FORESTER, and to put themselves between the convoy

At 1645 hours MALAYA and SCHARNHORST sighted each other.

At 1648 hours SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU turned away and after a brief pursuit MALAYA (At

least 10 knots slower than the German ships) and her consorts returned to the convoy.

At 1900 hours they rejoined the convoy

10th At 1500 hours HM Battlecruiser REPULSE, HM Aircraft Carrier FURIOUS and Destroyers DUNCAN

and FOXHOUND took over the escort of the SL67, and MALAYA, FAULKNOR and FORESTER

12th Arrived at Gibraltar .

13th Sailed from Gibraltar escorted by HM Destroyer WISHART.

15th In company with WISHART joined AMC CANTON and HM Corvettes CALENDULA, CROCUS and

MARGUERITE escorting convoy SL68.

20th At 2323 hours 250 miles NNW of Cape Verde Islands, SL68 came under submarine attack. MALAYA

was hit by a torpedo from U.106. The hit the port side caused damage in the boiler room and the ship

had a 7 list. There were no casualties. MALAYA detached from SL68, escorted by CROCUS,

set course for Port of Spain, Trinidad.

23rd CROCUS detached and returned to Freetown.

29th Arrived at Port of Spain, Trinidad.where temporary repairs were carried out.

(For details see HITLER S U-BOAT WAR by C Blair.)

On completion took passage to New York for repair.

6th Arrived at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and taken in hand for repair. She was the first RN vessel to

be repaired/refitted in the USA in World War 2,

Preparation for installation of fire-control and air warning radar carried out.

Some of ship's company transferred to Ex US Coastguard Cutters being lent to the Royal Navy.

(First 4 Coastguard Cutters, BANFF , CULVER, FISHGUARD and HARTLAND were handed over on

30/4/41 and Captain A.F.E. Pallister DSO RN the CO of MALAYA accepted the cutters on behalf of the

May to July Under repair and refit in New York .

A and A work completed including fit of air warning Radar Type 281, Fire control radars Types 282 for

Close range armament, Type 284 for Main armament and Type 285 for HA armament.

. Eleven single 20mm Oerlikon guns were fitted for close range AA defence.

(For details of development and use of radar by RN see RADAR AT SEA by D Howse.)

(Note: One source records fitting of Radar Type 291 to provide warning of the approach of surface

ships, aircraft and land. This equipment was a Naval designed outfit intended to replace earlier RAF

equipment modified for shipboard use, Type 286. This was never satisfactory and replaced in 1943

by centimetric radar, Type 273. See below.)

September On completion prepared for operational service.

Four additional 20mm Oerlikon guns fitted.

Nominated for transfer to Force H

20th At 1030 hours sailed from Scapa Flow for the Clyde escorted by HM Destroyers BEDOUIN and

At 1530 hours off Tiumpan Head HM Destroyers LAFOREY and LIGHTNING joined, and BEDOUIN

and PUNJABI detached and returned to Scapa Flow .

Off Stornoway LAFOREY detached and landed a sick crew member at Stornoway.

At 1700 hours LAFOREY sailed and rejoined MALAYA .

21st Arrived in the Clyde .

22nd Sailed from the Clyde escorted by LIGHTNING. En route HM Destroyers HAVELOCK and

24th 575 miles west of Ushant HM Destroyers SIKH and ZULU joined and HAVELOCK and HARVESTER

27th Arrived at Gibraltar with LIGHTNING, SIKH and ZULU. On entering Harbour she was in collision with

merchant ships MV HOEGH HOOD, 9356 tons and MV CLAN MACDONALD, 9656 tons, sustaining

slight damage to her forecastle.

November At Gibraltar, MALAYA became the Flagship of Force H.

(The CinC Force H, Admiral Sir James Somerville was most unhappy with MALAYA as his Flagship

which he believed to be most unsuitable)

10th At 0235 hours sailed from Gibraltar in company with HM Cruiser HERMIONE to cover the delivery of

Hurricane aircraft by HMS ARK ROYAL and HMS ARGUS to Malta, screened by HM Destroyers

LAFOREY, LIGHTNING, SIKH, LEGION, ZULU, GURKHA and Dutch destroyer ISAAC SWEERS.

12th By 1100 hours, 37 Hurricanes had been flown off from ARK ROYAL and ARGUS, following

which the Force turned west and headed back to Gibraltar .

13th At 1541 hours, 30 miles from Gibraltar during the return passage under attack by U.81 which fired four

torpedoes. One hit HMS ARK ROYAL which sank on 14th when under tow to Gibraltar.

(See HITLERS U-BOAT WAR by C Blair and Naval Staff History.)

Escorted to Gibraltar by HM Destroyers SIKH, ZULU and ISAAC SWEERS, after HMS ARK ROYAL

At 1622 hours ZULU was detached to return to assist ARK ROYAL.

At 1830 hours arrived back at Gibraltar.

(On arrival at Gibraltar the CinC immediately transferred to SIKH and returned at high speed to the

December Deployed with Force H at Gibraltar for Atlantic trade defence

(Note: This ship was the only operational battleship in the Mediterranean as HMS QUEEN

ELIZABETH and HMS VALIANT had been disabled at Alexandria on 19/12/41 by frogmen.

Force H deployment in continuation.

14th The new CinC Force H, Rear Admiral E.N. Syfret raised his flag in MALAYA.

February Deployed in Atlantic for convoy defence.

8th Sailed from Gibraltar for the Clyde in company with HM Cruiser HERMIONE, HM Destroyers ACTIVE,

ANTHONY, BLANKNEY, CROOME, EXMOOR, LAFOREY and LIGHTNING.

(Force H were ordered to the UK because the Admiralty were aware that the German Battlecruisers

SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU, then at Brest , were preparing to sail and about to breakout into the

Atlantic. With troop convoy WS16, with over 45000 troops embarked, about to sail, Force H was to

provide escort in the North Atlantic)

13th Arrived in the Clyde .

17th At 0030 hours sailed from the Clyde in company with HM Aircraft Carriers EAGLE and FORMIDABLE

(Flying the Flag of the new CinC Eastern Fleet, Admiral Sir James Somerville), HM Cruiser HERMIONE,

HM Destroyers DUNCAN, LAFOREY and LIGHTNING.

At 0900 hours north west of Inishtrahull the three sections, Bristol Channel, Liverpool and Clyde,

of military convoy WS 16 formed up, escorted by HM Destroyers ACTIVE, ANTHONY, BLANKNEY,

CROOME, FIREDRAKE, PANTHER, VERITY, WALKER AND WITHERINGTON. WS16 was then

joined by the MALAYA ocean escort Force.

20th During the morning ANTHONY detached with condenser problems.

At 1800 hours 480 miles north of Sao Miguel in the Azores, PANTHER detached to refuel at Ponta

21st During the morning CROOME detached for Gibraltar.

At 1330 hours the delayed SS STRATHAIRD escorted by HM Cruiser NEWCASTLE and PALADIN

At 1430 hours, detached from WS16 for Gibraltar in company with ACTIVE, BLANKNEY, DUNCAN ,

23rd Arrived back at Gibraltar and resumed duties with Force H.

27th At 0320 hours sailed from Gibraltar as part of Force H with HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE and five

destroyers and sailed east towards Malta on Operation SPOTTER. At sea they were joined by HM

Cruiser HERMIONE, HM Aircraft Carrier ARGUS and their screen of 4 destroyers this section of Force

H had sailed from Gibraltar at 1830/26/2/42 and initially sailed west into the Atlantic . Os destruidores

screening the Force were ACTIVE, ANTHONY, BLANKNEY, CROOME, LAFOREY, LIGHTNING,

WHITEHALL and WISHART. (Operation SPOTTER was the delivery of Spitfire aircraft to Malta)

28th Operation cancelled due to problems with aircrafts long range fuel tanks and returned to Gibraltar .

6th Covered for repeat Malta aircraft delivery by HMS ARGUS and HMS EAGLE with same ships

(Operation SPOTTER II). This operation delivered 15 Spitfires to Malta the first Spitfires to reach

21st Covered aircraft delivery by HMS ARGUS and HMS EAGLE with HMS HERMIONE and Fleet

destroyers of Force H (Operation PICKET I). Operation cancelled due to problems with aircrafts long

range fuel tanks and returned to Gibraltar.

27th Repeated aircraft delivery with same ships (Operation PICKET II). 16 Spitfires delivered.

30th Returned to Gibraltar .

Nominated for detached service in support of planned landings in Madagascar

1st Sailed from Gibraltar with HMS Cruiser HERMIONE, screened by HM Destroyers ACTIVE,

ANTHONY, LAFOREY, LIGHTNING and DUNCAN.

6th Arrived at Freetown a few hours behind convoy WS17.

9th Sailed from Freetown in company with HMS HERMIONE, and HM Destroyers ACTIVE, ANTHONY,

INCONSTANT, JAVELIN, LAFOREY, LOOKOUT, LIGHTNING, PACKENHAM as Ocean Escort for

military Convoy WS17A during passage to Capetown. At Freetown, convoy WS 17 had split into two,

WS17A and WS17B, which sailed on 11/4/42).

18th Off Capetown detached from WS17A and put into Capetown. She was ordered to return to Freetown .

Then took return passage to rejoin Force H at Gibraltar

Passage to Gibraltar and rejoined Force H on arrival.

Deployed at Gibraltar with Force H

11th Sailed from Gibraltar as part of Force W for escort of Malta relief convoy GM4 as far as Skerki Channel

in company with HMS EAGLE, HMS ARGUS, HM Cruisers KENYA, LIVERPOOL and CHARYBDIS,

screened by HM Destroyers ANTELOPE, ICARUS, ONSLOW, ESCAPADE, VIDETTE, WESTCOTT,

(This was Operation HARPOON - For details see ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY by Corelli

Barnett, THE BATTLE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN by D. MacIntyre and Naval Staff History.)

(Note: This convoy had been designated WS19Z during passage to Gibraltar from UK.)

12th At 0800 hours to the east of Force W took up their covering position for the passage of convoy

GM4. The close escort of the convoy was provided by Force X.

14th At 1030 hours, south of Sardinia the convoy came under air attack from Italian CR42 fighter bombers,

which concentrated on ARGUS, and later by a combination of SM79 torpedo bombers and Z1007 high

level bombers. In this attack LIVERPOOL was torpedoed and taken under tow by ANTELOPE escorted

At 1820 hours the convoy came under attack from JU88 s. In this attack ARGUS was near missed by a

bomb exploding near her bow.

At 2000 hours, the convoy came under a combined attack from German and Italian aircraft.

At 2130 hours, Force W detached from GM4 at entrance to Sicilian Narrows and returned westwards to

await return of the close escort, after the arrival of the convoy in Malta.

16th Detached from Force W with HMS ARGUS, HM Destroyers ESCAPADE, VIDETTE, WISHART and

(Note: This was due to late departure from Malta of the close escort).

17th Arrived at Gibraltar with detached ships of Force W.

24th Sailed from Gibraltar screened by HM Destroyers ANTELOPE, VIDETTE and WISHART to R/V with

military convoy WS20, and provide cover during Atlantic passage from Clyde to Freetown.

26th At 0800 hours 120 miles east of Sao Miguel with ANTELOPE, VIDETTE and WISHART, joined HM

Destroyers BEAGLE, ST ALBANS , VIDETTE and WOLVERINE escorting convoy WS20, to provide

Shortly after joining, ANTELOPE, BEAGLE, VIDETTE, WISHART and WOLVERINE detached,

escorting troopship SS NARKUNDA for Gibraltar.

Later ST ALBANS detached to join convoy SL 113.

In the evening HM Destroyers BLACKMORE and BRILLIANT from Freetown, joined convoy WS20.

27th At 1215 hours 240 miles west of Madeira, a lookout on the Commodore s ship, SS STRATHEDEN,

sighted two vessels at extreme visibility. MALAYA launched her two Walrus aircraft and

BRILLIANT detached to investigate, but nothing was found.

28th At 0600 hours 180 miles west of the Canaries, Destroyer VIMY from Freetown joined convoy WS20.

1st At 0800 hours south of the Cape Verde Islands, HM Destroyers BOREAS, VELOX and WIVERN from

Freetown joined convoy WS20.

2nd At 1200 hours convoy WS20 and escort arrived at Freetown.

6th At 1100 hours convoy WS20 commenced to depart from Freetown escorted by HM Destroyers

BLACKMORE, BOREAS, BRILLIANT, VELOX and WIVERN. MALAYA sailed as Ocean Escort.

7th AT 1200 hours, BLACKMORE escorting the SS BATORY, detached from WS20 for Takoradi.

Later BLACKMORE re-joined, and BOREAS and VELOX detached for Freetown.

17th At 0800 hours 95 miles north west of Cape Columbine, HM Cruiser SHROPSHIRE joined WS 20 from

Simonstown and MALAYA escorted by BLACKMORE detached from WS20 with 11 mercantiles from

the convoy destined for Capetown into harbour.

Took passage to Gibraltar to rejoin Force H

August Deployed at Gibraltar with Force H.

Nominated for return to UK for refit.

September Passage to UK escorted by HM Destroyer LOOKOUT.

Under refit at HM Dockyard Rosyth.

Aircraft facilities removed and additional two 4in mountings fitted abreast

the catapult position (P & S). Surface warning radar Type 273 fitted.

(Note: Close range AA armament increased by addition of two multiple

pom pom guns on sponsons aft and two more 20mm Oerlikon guns.

January Worked up for service with Home Fleet. Two more 20mm Oerlikon guns fitted.

(At the end of January Admiral Donitz was appointed CinC of the German Navy. The change of CinC led

the Admiralty to prepare against the possibility of a more active policy by German surface ships to back

up the U-boat campaign. Therefore it was decided that MALAYA should be retained in the Atlantic

instead of being deployed to join the Eastern Fleet.)

February Deployed with Home Fleet for convoy defence in NW Approaches.

25th At 0300 hours sailed from the Clyde escorted by HM Destroyers QUEENBOROUGH and QUAIL to join

joint military convoy WS27/KMF10A as ocean escort. (WS27 was destined for the Middle East and

Convoy KMF10A for North Africa).

At 1000 hours the Clyde and Liverpool (escorted by HM Destroyer RAIDER) sections of the convoy

formed up 6 miles west of Orsay. There the convoy was joined by the ocean escort and the 44th EG of

EGRET, ERNE, FISHGUARD, CLARE and WOLVERINE from Londonderry .

1st At 1100 hours 70 miles SW of Cape St Vincent, QUEENBROUGH and WOLVERINE detached for

At 1800 hours QUADRANT joined the escort.

2nd At 1100 hours 200 miles SW of Cape St Vincent, the convoy split. KMF10A detached for passage

into the Mediterranean. Remained with WS27 in company with QUADRANT, QUAIL and RAIDER.

3rd At 0800 hours 80 miles west of Cape Ghir, QUEENBROUGH and WOLVERINE rejoined.

5th At 1800 hours off Dakar, QUAIL, escorting SS ALMANZORA, detached for Dakar .

6th QUAIL, after escorting SS ALMANZORA rejoined WS27.

8th At 0930 hours MALAYA , as ocean escort, led WS27 into Freetown .

Passage from Freetown to rejoin Home Fleet at Scapa Flow.

26th Arrived at Scapa Flow and resumed Home Fleet service.

May to June Deployment at Scapa Flow in continuation.

7th Deployed with HM Battleship ANSON, US Navy battleships USS ALABAMA and USS SOUTH

DAKOTA, HM Aircraft Carrier FURIOUS and seven cruisers screened by eight RN and five USN

destroyers for diversionary operation off Norwegian coast.

(Operation CAMERA Convoy of miscellaneous ships was deployed to represent a possible assault

force on passage to Norway during the planned landings in Sicily.)

9th On completion of simulated approaches to coast. took passage to return to Scapa Flow.

27th Deployed with HMS ANSON, HM Aircraft Carriers ILLUSTRIOUS and UNICORN during air

operations as part of further diversionary operation off Norway.

29th Return passage to Scapa Flow .

(Note: Neither diversionary operation met concentrated air attacks since German aircraft based in

Norway had been used to reinforce defence against allied operations in the Mediterranean.)

August Paid off into Reserve at Faslane because of machinery state which limited

capability for Fleet operations.

September Reducing to Reserve status

Under refit, with 6in armament removed and 20 additional 20mm Oerlikons fitted.

Held in Reserve at Faslane on completion.

January Remained in Reserve at Faslane.

February Nominated for bombardment duty in support of operations in NW Europe.

Damaged whilst in use as target for 'bouncing bomb' trial in Loch Long.

Under refit. Radar Type 281 replaced by single aerial variant Type 281B.

Radar Type 273 replaced by modern Type 277, AA armament again increased by eight 20mm Oerlikon

guns to a total of 45. Radio Jamming equipment fitted as protection from attack by glider bombs which

had wireless guidance control.

22nd Re-commissioned for bombardment duty.

Took passage to Portsmouth

July Held in Reserve at Portsmouth for replacement of bombardment ship.

August Remained at Portsmouth.

1st Bombarded positions on Ile de Cezembre, off St. Malo.

Returned to Portsmouth on release from bombardment duties.

October Paid off into Reserve at Faslane.

January to April Remained in Reserve at Faslane.

May Nominated for duty as an accommodation and training ship.

15th Commissioned as HMS VERNON II at Portsmouth for Torpedo School duties.

(Note: Main armament and secondary armament with close range weapons

had been removed prior to this duty.)

June to August Duty as HMS VERNON II

HMS MALAYA was placed on the Disposal List in 1947 and sold to BISCO on 20th February 1948 . The ship arrived at Faslane in tow on 12th April that year to be broken up by Metal Industries.

CONVOY ESCORT MOVEMENTS of HMS MALAYA

Estas listas de comboios não foram cruzadas com o texto acima


Destroyers

Destroyers were the lightest warships to fight at Jutland. Versatile light warships, they were used for patrolling and raiding, as well as to screen battle fleets during major actions. Destroyers were the fastest class of warship, but were unarmoured and vulnerable to gun fire. Though carrying only small guns, their armament included torpedoes that could cripple or even sink big ships. Seventy-nine British destroyers took part in the Battle of Jutland and eight were sunk. From four of the sunken destroyers, 173 British sailors were rescued by the German navy and taken prisoner.

This is a model of the destroyer HMS Shark.

At Jutland, Shark was part of the 3rd Battlecruiser Squadron, a force of three battlecruisers, the light cruisers Chester e Canterbury, and three other destroyers. Durante a batalha, Shark became entangled in a close-range and chaotic fight between British and German. Shark was hit repeatedly. One shell destroyed the ship's bridge and steering gear and another disabled the ship's engines, leaving the ship adrift.

Dois de Shark's guns were knocked out, their crews killed. Leaving the shattered bridge, Shark's wounded captain, Commander Loftus Jones, helped man the only remaining gun. Firing on nearby German ships, Jones and his men hit the German destroyer V48, disabling the ship. As German destroyers closed in, Jones ordered his men to don lifebelts. Hit by a torpedo, Shark afundou. Thirty of Shark's crew were able to board rafts, but many died of wounds or exposure, including Jones. Only six survived to be rescued by a neutral Danish steamer late at night.

Commander Jones' body washed ashore in Sweden a few days later. In 1917, in recognition of his leadership, Jones was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross


HMS Malaya

Postado por Mark McShane » 20 Apr 2009, 17:11

Quick question, what spotter planes was HMS Malaya carrying around March 1941? (The aircraft that spotted Scharnhorst & Gneisenau)

Re: HMS Malaya

Postado por mescal » 20 Apr 2009, 18:37

It was a Swordfish floatplane.

Re: HMS Malaya

Postado por Mark McShane » 20 Apr 2009, 20:36

That was the first reference I read too about the incident. Have also read that it was a Walrus plane. Hence my confusion and the question.

Re: HMS Malaya

Postado por Andy H » 23 Apr 2009, 00:33

That was the first reference I read too about the incident. Have also read that it was a Walrus plane. Hence my confusion and the question.

The Fairey Swordfish was flown by Lt G R Brown (Pilot), Sub-Lt R G Drake (Observer) and R H George (Gunner).

After spotting the German ships and seeing them safely off, the convoy that the Malaya was protecting was attacked by several U Boats, and she was hit by 2 torps. The ship did not sink and made its way to NY. However the ship was unable to rcover its Swordfish so Brown ditched the plane. His SOS was picked up in Spain and he and his crew were picked up Cabo de Buena Esperanza. The Capt also salvaged the plane(!).

Source: The Swordfish Story by Ray Stutivant and published by Cassell 2000


HMS Malaya - History

When I was a small kid, I always playing with my friends near a jungle behind my house in Kota Bharu. I remember seeing some twisted metal with rivets on the ground. After many years I returned to the scene and was told by the old villagers nearby that the metal was a plane falling from the sky in Japanese occupation period. Then they told me there was another plane falling in flames and crashed near Kelantan river but I was told it was happened a few years after the war started. I felt so confused because most of the air battle of World War 2 In Malaya was fought only at the beginning of the. I drove to the village they mentioned and managed to find a witness (a Tok Imam), who confirmed that a few years after the war started, one day there was a Japanese twin engines plane falling from the sky trailing flames and black smokes. The pilot tried to ditch on Kelantan River but he hit a coconut tree and the plane exploded. The Japanese soldiers then came and took the bodies of two aircrews and cleared the wreckages.

I started to do my research on the air war at the latter (later) part of World War 2 in Malaya and find out that I totally missed out &lsquoThe Forgotten Air War Of Malaya&rsquo.

After the beginning of the World War 2 in December 1941, The Japanese fought the Allied from Malaya to Singapore with fighter and bomber like Oscar, Zero, Tojo, Betty, Nell, Sonia and the greatest success was the sinking of HMS Prince Of Wales and HMS Repulse in Kuantan water solely with the use of airpower on 10 Dec 1941. After the Japanese wining the air superiority in Malaya, they were flying at will to attack any target in Malaya and Singapore. The pilots and aircrews were best trained and they even created a &lsquobomber alley&rsquo between Singapore to Sumatra to sink many ships, which evacuated the refugees from Singapore.

The air activities slowed down after Singapore surrendered. The routine air activities were limited to patrolling and others minor air operations. The Strait of Malacca was actually a graveyard for Allied submarines because their air-search radar was blocked by the hills of Sumatra and Titiwangsa range. In one patrol, the USS Grenadier was badly damaged by few Japanese planes and the submarine have to be scuttled and the crews were taken Prisoner OF War in Light Street Convent, Penang.

I met up with some great local historians like Mr. Sager and Mr. Ahamd Shaharom and we worked to put back some missing puzzle of our Malaya history. Then I found out that even the famous Boeing B-29 bomber had come to bomb some targets in Malaya (including Singapore) in 1944 and 1945.

In 1998, an American visited Malaysia with his father diary and he contacted one of our team members Mr Sager Ahmad and told that his father bailed out from a B-29 bomber in Negeri Sembilan during World War 2. Mr. Sager met the son of the aircrew from the famous B-29 bomber &lsquoPostville Express&rsquo which crashed in Rembau and they visited the crash site together. Mr.Shaharom later took some pictures to put it in our website, Malaya Historical Group (MHG).

The mission which B-29 bombers carried out in Malaya and Singapore are as follows:

Other Aerial Missions
Beside the B-29 air war, most of the aircraft flew into Malaya were on secret agent dropping or clandestine mission,air-drop Force 136 commandos into the jungle of Malaya to pave the way for an effective guerilla counter-attack on the Japanese occupying forces and also on aerial recon&rsquos missions. The aircraft used were B-24 Liberator or PB4Y Privateer becayse of their long-range capability. One known RCAF B-24 with &lsquoSNAKE&rsquo word stenciled on its fuselage crashed in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan after dropping agent -one Tuan Pena. (Tan Sri Sir Claude Harry Fenner, a member of Force 136, who later became the country's first Inspector-General of Police.) Another B-24 was shot down by Japanese fighters from Alor Setar and crashed near Siam border while on a clandestine mission. Villagers and guerillas rescued the survivors and some brave Thai pilots smuggled them to Allied hands using Japanese bombers! Another B-24 bomber, which was on a supply-dropping mission, was lost near Kuala Nerang, Kedah. In June 1945, two PB4Y flew to Singapore on recon mission and were fired on by anti-aircraft fire and nearly a dozen of Japanese fighters. One fighter managed to score a hit on the No 3 engine of one of the PB4Y causing the engine to burst into flames and lose altitude. The PB4Y was forced to ditch on the sea and no news were heard from the crews ever since. Mr. Shaharom managed to find the answer to the twin engines fighter crashed near the Kelantan River, which I mentioned earlier. It was a Ki-46 Dinah fighter, which climbed from Kota Bharu airfield to intercept a PB4Y Privateer, but the Privateer gunners damaged the Dinah and the Japanese pilot headed it back to Kota Bharu and crashed. Few months before the war ended, the British also send out a Grumman Hellcat fighter from a carrier to Kuala Lumpur on a recon mission but the Hellcat was missing 10 miles from Port Klang with the pilot.

End of the War
When the Japanese surrendered, some British B-24 and two-crews mosquito bombers flew over Malaya cities to access the situation and dropping leaflets. One mosquito bomber developed engine problems and force landed on Japanese held Sungai Besi aerodrome. The Japanese soldiers in the aerodrome provided help and supports to the aircrews until another mosquito bomber searching for the missing plane arrived. The four mosquito crews were surprised when the Japanese soldiers in the base tried to surrender themselves to them!

This is the &lsquoForgotten Air War Of Malaya&rsquo I knew so far. I hope my team members and I can completely putting all the missing puzzles of the Malaya War History so that our younger generations can learn and appreciate the contribution and scarifies of the forgotten warriors, which contribute to the peace and happiness we enjoyed nowadays.


Ki-43 of the 77th Sentai
serving in Malaya


Fighter presented
to children


Malaya children
with Japanese flags


Painting of B-24 attacking Malaya


Assista o vídeo: RN battleship HMS Malaya sails to Germany to enforce peace terms 1920 (Pode 2022).